Political and Economic Dictionary of Latin America, A by Peter Calvert

By Peter Calvert

This Dictionary presents an neutral and precious historical past to the Latin American area, very important for an individual attracted to the present affairs, fresh background and economic climate of this monstrous quarter. Entries offer definitions of phrases, ideas, names and businesses key to discussions of significant and South the United States. overlaying a few forty eight international locations and territories, this quantity deals a special perception to the political and monetary dimensions of this assorted area.

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The UDP, with its strength in the south of the country, opposed concessions to Guatemala, but was defeated in 1989, when Price returned to power. In 1991 a new Guatemalan government officially recognized the right of the people of Belize to self-determination and established diplomatic relations; in return, Belize granted Guatemala access to its ports on the Caribbean coast. However, after the British garrison had been run down and the PUP defeated in the 1993 elections, in March 1994 Guatemala formally reaffirmed its claim to Belize.

After their electoral victory in 1951 had been forestalled by yet another coup, in 1952 a popular revolution brought to power a reforming civilian Government in the form of the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario (MNR)—later the MNR (Histórico)—led by Víctor Paz Estenssoro (1952–56, 1960–64, 1985–89). The franchise was extended to all, the mines nationalized and an agrarian reform programme launched. However, the Bolivian economy remained dangerously weak and in 1964 Col René Barrientos led a successful coup to forestall the inauguration of a new President.

Architecture spurred his interest in politics, and in 1945–48 he served as a member of Congress. On the military coup of Gen. Odría in 1948, however, Congress was dissolved and Belaúnde returned to architecture, serving as Dean of architecture at the National Engineering University from 1955 to 1960. Military intervention in 1962 to forestall an electoral victory by the Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana left the way open for the election of Belaúnde in the 1963 elections. However, his failure to deal adequately with the problem of illegal oil leases led to his overthrow in 1968 and the imposition of a reforming military government under Gen.

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