A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: by Margarita Diaz-Andreu

By Margarita Diaz-Andreu

Margarita Diaz-Andreu deals an cutting edge heritage of archaeology through the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all components of the realm. the advance of archaeology is put in the framework of latest political occasions, with a specific concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines quite a lot of matters, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the learn of antiquities right into a career, public reminiscence, alterations in archaeological inspiration and perform, and the impression on archaeology of racism, faith, the assumption in development, hegemony, and resistance.

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In addition, those factors which allowed the ideas and practices produced by archaeologists from the Powers to become hegemonic, as well as what people did to resist them, will be analysed. The chapter will Wnish with some comments on what came next in twentieth-century archaeology. T H I S B O OK I N C O N TE XT: C H A L L E N G E S A N D I N N OVAT IO N S This book oVers a comprehensive history of global archaeology, that is, one that considers all its Welds throughout the world, during the nineteenth century.

As the writer Dante Alighieri (1265–1321) said, ‘the stones of the walls of Rome deserve veneration and the terrain in which the city has been built is more honourable than what men say’ (in Alcina Franch 1995: 17). The detailed study of the ruins and objects of the past was given a previously unknown impetus. The presence of remains from antiquity in the urban landscape of Rome, once the capital of an empire which had reached most of the known world, was exploited by its rulers, the Popes. The papacy needed to restore its credibility after the schism in the fourteenth century, which had taken their control to Avignon, an event that resulted in three Popes ruling at the same time (Hollingsworth 1994: 227–33).

Outside Rome, in Naples, Giovanni Boccaccio 34 Early Archaeology of Great Civilizations (1313–75) also encouraged a critical assessment of monuments (Schnapp 1993: 108). Other scholars such as the Florentine doctor Giovanni Dondi (born. c. ). The study of antiquity was further fostered by the formation of the Wrst academies created to encourage the discussion and exchange of scholarly ideas. Following the example of the ancient Plato’s Academia, the Academia Platonica was founded by Cosimo de Medicis in Florence in 1438, and another Academy was opened in Naples by Alfonse V, king of Aragon (1416–58) and of Naples (from 1442).

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