Advances in Sensing with Security Applications by C.J. Baker, H.D. Griffiths (auth.), Jim Byrnes, Gerald

By C.J. Baker, H.D. Griffiths (auth.), Jim Byrnes, Gerald Ostheimer (eds.)

The chapters during this quantity have been provided on the July 2005NATO complicated learn Institute on Advances in Sensing with protection App- cations. The convention used to be held on the appealing Il Ciocco hotel close to Lucca, within the excellent Tuscany area of northern Italy. once more we amassed at this idyllic spot to discover and expand the reciprocity among arithmetic and engineering. The dynamic interplay - tween world-renowned scientists from the often disparate groups of natural mathematicians and utilized scientists which happened at our six prior ASI’s endured at this assembly. The fusion of simple principles in arithmetic, biology, and chemistry with ongoing advancements in and computation o?ers the promise of even more refined and actual sensing services than c- rently exist. Coupled with the dramatic upward push within the desire for surveillance in innumerable facets of our day-by-day lives, led to by means of antagonistic acts deemed unbelievable just a couple of brief years in the past, the time was once correct for scientists within the assorted components of sensing and protection to affix jointly in a concerted e?ort to strive against the recent manufacturers of terrorism. This ASI was once one very important preliminary step. To surround the various nature of the s- ject and the various backgrounds of the expected contributors, the ASI was once divided into 3 greatly de?ned yet interrelated parts: the - creasing desire for quick and actual sensing, the scienti?c underpinnings of the continuing revolution in sensing, and speci?c sensing algorithms and methods. The ASI introduced jointly international leaders from academia, executive, andindustry,withextensivemultidisciplinarybackgroundsevidencedby theirresearchandparticipationinnumerousworkshopsandconferences.

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Hamas presents some of the most violent opposition to Israel and has conducted numerous attacks using suicide bombers and rockets. It has caused nearly 600 deaths and 3000 injuries and is supported by Iran as well as numerous Islamic charities. PIJ is also dedicated to the destruction of Israel, but its actions have been reduced since the death of it leader Fathi Shaqai in 1995 and the start of the global war on terrorism [41]. Iraq’s most infamous terrorist group is Tanzim Qa’idat al-Jihad Fi Bilad al Rafidayn (al Qaeda in Iraq), led by Abu Musab Zarqawi.

This chapter describes our current understanding of the global terrorist threat including the use of CBRN weapons. The threat described in the first part of this chapter spurred increased investment in research and development technologies to prevent, detect, and respond to terrorist attacks. One specific area of research, sensors, particularly for chemical and biological agents and radioactive materials, in addition to radar and sonar, is the subject of this book. After describing the threat, this chapter goes on to discuss the use of sensors, fielded sensor capabilities, and existing gaps in sensor capabilities.

North Korea’s primary motivation for selling ballistic missile technology to countries such as Iran and Syria appears to be the need for hard currency as opposed to specific anti-Western aims. 38 ADVANCES IN SENSING Syria has not directly participated in any known terrorist acts since 1986; however, Syria provides support and refuge for Hamas, the PIL, and the PFLP, among other Palestinian liberation groups. Syria distinguishes between what it calls the legitimate fight of the Palestinians and other terrorist groups.

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