By Ilja A. Luciak
"Gender equality and significant democratization are inextricably linked," writes Ilja Luciak. "The democratization of relevant the US calls for the entire incorporation of girls as electorate, applicants, and place of work holders." In After the Revolution: Gender and Democracy in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala, Luciak exhibits how former guerrilla ladies in 3 important American international locations made the transition from insurgents to mainstream political gamers within the democratization process.
Examining the function of girls within the a number of levels of innovative and nationwide politics, Luciak starts off with girls as individuals and leaders in guerrilla routine. girls contributed drastically to the innovative fight in all 3 international locations, yet thereafter many similarities ended. In Guatemala, ideological disputes decreased women's political effectiveness at either the intra-party and nationwide degrees. In Nicaragua, even though women's rights grew to become a secondary factor for the innovative celebration, ladies have been still capable of placed the difficulty at the nationwide time table. In El Salvador, girls took major roles within the innovative social gathering and have been capable of include women's rights right into a large reform time table. Luciak cautions that whereas lively measures to increase the political position of ladies have bolstered formal gender equality, basically the joint efforts of either sexes may end up in a profitable transformation of society in response to democratic governance and major gender equality.
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Additional resources for After the Revolution: Gender and Democracy in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala
We have to open a logistical corridor in the West. If you leave, the strategic work to open the corridor is halted. But we can not deny you permission. ” I remember how I cried that night and I said to myself: “What do I do, oh, what do I do, I want to go and see my daughter. ” But there was the urgent task. And besides, I knew the price I would have to pay if I opted to go. So I stayed. I couldn’t see my daughter until a year later. Unlike its Nicaraguan counterpart, the FMLN did not explicitly address women’s rights in its early programs and pronouncements.
One combatant said, “my parents were organized before I was born. ”57 In the early years of the Guatemalan guerrilla movement, female participation was very limited. In 1962, says former guerrilla Aura Marina Arriola, “the armed struggle was initiated with the organization of the ﬁrst Rebel Armed Forces (FAR). In these [forces] a number of us women participated who also initiated our struggle for the liberation of women. ”58 This female participation, however, was largely restricted to the urban areas and involved support activities.
For the women, it was not like this. ” According to the testimony of many female combatants, sexual harassment was a common phenomenon for the women who served in the guerrilla forces. Signiﬁcantly, it was not only frequently condoned by superiors, but some FMLN leaders were among the transgressors. Female combatants tolerated this difﬁcult climate with the help of a variety of rationalizations. Some claimed that things would improve after the war with a return to normalcy, arguing that the war situation facilitated the hostile climate.