An Evolutionary Architecture by John Frazer

By John Frazer

Книга An Evolutionary structure An Evolutionary ArchitectureКниги Строительство Год издания: 1995 Формат: pdf Издат.:Architectural organization guides Страниц: 128 Размер: 10 MB ISBN: 1870890477 Язык: Русский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:An Evolutionary structure might be thought of, jointly possibly with Nicholas Negroponte's structure computing device books, as essentially the most vital and encouraging references at the use of computation in structure and layout.

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The basic method of analytic hierarchy process is introduced here. According to the basic idea of the analytic hierarchy process, those indicators that are regarded as more important under the background of the assessed problem will have relatively larger weights. , the criteria, factor, and indicator layers) are calculated. 5. 4) i =1 where wi is the indicator weight of the ith indicator. The urban ecosystem health level is greater with larger values of H. 5) r1 j   r2 j  , and rij means the membership degree of …  rkj  the ith (i = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) assessing index to the jth standard ( j = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5); Wk′ means the weights of the kth indicator under corresponding assessing indicators.

1 Concept of Urban Ecosystem Health.................................... 2 Urban Ecosystem Health Standards..................................... 3 Urban Ecosystem Health Indicators..................................... 4 Urban Ecosystem Health Assessment Models...................... 2 Basic Procedure of Urban Ecosystem Health Assessment.................. 1 Boundary Confirmation........................................................ 2 Indicators Establishment.......................................................

2), which respectively represents the situation of urban economic subsystem, social subsystem, natural subsystem, and ecological regulatory subsystem (Su et al. 4. 3 Emergy-Based Urban Ecosystem Health Index Regarding various energy and materials flowing in the urban ecosystem and the merit of emergy as an embodied energetic equivalent for integrated ecological economic evaluation, an EUEHI can be established to reflect the urban ecosystem health status from biophysical foundation. Following the principle of ecosystem health assessment, four major factors, including vigor (V), organizational structure (O), resilience (R), and function maintenance (F), are integrated to construct EUEHI (Liu et al.

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