By Francis Duffy
Those essays, written over a 3rd of a century in the course of a time of massive ideological, technological and methodological upheaval, witness British architecture's unceasing negotation with an unlimited and rigorous set of constraints and its eventual emergence as a very sleek career - a different curiosity crew responsive and answerable to social alterations yet formed and proficient through values and rules that could be on an extended cycle and maybe a loftier aircraft. The backdrop to this debate is the time period of government of the RIBA held by means of Francis Duffy, Chairman of DEGW, united kingdom, among 1993 and 1995. in this interval the architectural career confronted significant demanding situations and threats. The e-book seems on the dating among the architectural career and the equipped surroundings within the context of the nice political and social cycles within the British post-war interval. Francis Duffy's writings offer extra insights and viewpoints to the topic.
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Additional resources for Architectural Knowledge: The Idea of a Profession
Why should a wider range be necessary? What’s wrong with what we have now? Langdon has compiled for post-war office building a list of inadequacies in such matters as heating, ventilating and solar control. The more urgent task remains of preparing a similar list of failures of offices to cope with the various technologies, organizations and behaviours which they are expected to accommodate. It is not easy to make such a study because no model exists that expresses the precise relationship of office buildings to office work.
Moreover, it is barely, if ever, possible to eliminate these factors in order to concentrate upon differences caused by environment. (Langdon 1966a) In other words, there are too many intervening variables between buildings and behaviour to encourage any attempt to measure effects in organizational terms. “Largely for these reasons, user studies have centred mainly on user satisfaction, either inferred or directly expressed, as a criterion of environmental quality” (Langdon 1966a: see also Langdon 1966b).
Frequency of traffic and visual links seem to have a dominant effect on physical form and yet equally, in a negative way, so do telephone links. However, data on informal contact and supervision seem less immediately useful, at least in these two examples. It may well be that types of offices exist in which these relations are critical but, even so, it is unsatisfactory to collect information which is not vital for the problem in hand. ANALYSIS AND DESIGN The charting method is intended to help architects to design buildings.