Argentina: the challenges of modernization by Joseph S. Tulchin, Allison M. Garland

By Joseph S. Tulchin, Allison M. Garland

Argentina has been modernizing at breakneck velocity within the post-Peron, post-military years. This number of articles seems on the modernization procedure and comprises numerous articles by means of Argentine politicians and policymakers. Argentina: The demanding situations of Modernization analyzes the problems the rustic faces within the Nineties, over a decade after the recovery of democracy and a number of other years after the tip of the chilly battle.

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Then, in 1989, Argentina broke with the pattern of the past. In that year, economic crisis was not the prologue to yet another successful military coup. For the first time since the restoration of the compulsory secret vote, Argentines handed over the government from one civilian president to another, voted in by the will of the people, and from a different political background than his predecessor. Argentina's financial problems are of long standing and are certainly not the offspring of democracy.

Alfonsín's presidency, attempts to advance the reform and modernization of the state came up against the immovable barrier of a trio of opposing forces: an opposition majority in the senate, agitation by union leaders, and the activities of the provincial governors, the majority of whom were members of the Justicialista party. The Menem government, harried by demands for social change and the need to gain credibility by putting into practice the populist program it had set out in its election Page 9 campaign, turned privatization into a synonym for modernization, thereby making it an objective rather than a tool.

These ministers say that the stagnation was caused by the policy that downplayed industrial imports to give priority to goods sold on the domestic market, thus ignoring the opportunities presented by international trade. According to them, another cause of stagnation was the state's suffocating of economic activity by inefficiently allocating resources. The objectives of an economic policy to deal with this situation can be summed up as a search for a stable macroeconomic environment: the existence of a leaner, more efficient government; the development of an aggressive private sector; and, eventually, policies aimed at reducing poverty.

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