Bachelors of science: seventeenth-century identity, then and by Naomi Zack

By Naomi Zack

Takes the reader via a travel of the lives, instances, and writings of such key bachelors of technology as Bacon, Descartes, Newton, and Gassendi. This e-book situates those empiricist philosophers and their canonical reputations in the better framework of the de facto 'masculinization of technological know-how' and 'scientizing of masculinity' within the seventeenth century.

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In that sense, the seventeenth-century nature of nature points back to to the seventeenthcentury nature of man, that is, to questions of human identity. The Subject and Its Limitations The methodological subject of this book is identity. Identity is a contemporary critical concept that has varied meanings across emancipatory and liberatory projects. I mean to evoke standing intuitions about those meanings and broaden the concept to include the characteristics of a self that enable a particular type of self to act effectively in the world, from a given external situation.

Based on assumptions of intellectual equality between men and women, these early feminists questioned why women were subordinate to men in society, a question Hobbes had opened up, but only theoretically, when he wrote about ''lord mothers" in the state of nature. The question of how English dominance of the African slave trade coexisted with premodern rights rhetoric is the subject of chapter 12. Despite investment in the slave trade and general support of slavery on all levels of English society, there is no evidence of racial categorization in cultural or political thought at that time.

The feminist psychological claim is not that modern science was caused by the individual psychological pathology of its founders, but rather that the alienation from the earth and women in the world view of modern science is a universalization of male infantile experience. 11 The feminist critique of seventeenth-century philosophy and science has added rich cultural context to traditional accounts of the development of Western knowledge. Nonetheless, this critique has built in conceptual problems that block further contextual understanding of seventeenth-century ideas.

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