By John S. Haller Jr.
In this primary historical past of the army ambulance, historian John S. Haller Jr. records the advance of scientific applied sciences for treating and transporting wounded infantrymen at the battlefield. Noting that the be aware ambulance has been used to consult either a cellular scientific help procedure and a style of shipping, Haller takes readers again to the origins of the trendy ambulance, overlaying their evolution extensive from the overdue eighteenth century via international battle I.
The emerging nationalism, monetary and imperial pageant, and armed forces alliances and hands races of the 19th and early 20th centuries determine prominently during this historical past of the army ambulance, which focuses almost always on British and American technological developments. starting with alterations brought through Dominique-Jean Larrey in the course of the Napoleonic Wars, the e-book strains the organizational and technological demanding situations confronted through opposing armies within the Crimean battle, the yankee Civil conflict, the Franco-Prussian battle, and the Philippines revolt, then climaxes with the ditch war that outlined global struggle I. The operative notice is "challenges" of remedy and evacuation simply because whereas a few issues realized in a clash are carried into the subsequent, too frequently, the spasms of battle strength its contributors to copy the mistakes of the prior earlier than buying a lot wanted insight.
More than a historical past of scientific evacuation structures and automobiles, this exhaustively researched and richly illustrated quantity tells a desirable tale, giving readers a different viewpoint of the altering nature of battle within the 19th and early 20th centuries.
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Extra resources for Battlefield Medicine: A History of the Military Ambulance from the Napoleonic Wars Through World War I
41 By the time of the Mexican War (1846-48), the United States was no more prepared medically to support its troops than the British were in the Crimea; the army had no vehicles designed specifically to serve as army ambulances before 1859. Instead, it relied on 180 mule-drawn wagons available in the spring ofl847. Ignorance of hygiene resulted in 10,951 deaths from disease, while only 1,549 died of wounds. This meant a disease rate ofl10 per 1,000, compared with 65 per 1,000 in the Civil War and 16 per 1,000 in the First World War.
Smith, the surgeon general of Pennsylvania, made a similar plea, followed the next spring by Charles Pfirsching, whose proposal resembled Percy's stretcher-bearer corps (brancardiers) already in place in Europe. To every division of the army a company shall be attached which will follow it immediately into action on the day of battle for the purpose of taking up all its wounded and carrying them back to the ambulances, or to dle points where the regimental surgeons have taken position. , as they may be necessary for a bandage to prevent the death of the wounded before he obtains the assistance of the surgeon.
In addition, the commission offered assistance to the sick and wounded (including war prisoners), urged the creation of a nursing corps, provided ambulances and medical supplies to armies in the field, and helped families and relatives locate wounded soldiers. Branches of the commission existed in Boston, Cincinnati, Chicago, and six other cities. 48 St. Louis became the headquarters of the military's Department of the West, and during the summer of 1861, following the battles of Boonville, Dug Spring, Carthage, and Wilson's Creek, wounded were transported to the city in ambulances, army wagons, and railroad cars.