Between State and Synagogue: The Secularization of by Guy Ben-Porat

By Guy Ben-Porat

A thriving, but small, liberal part in Israeli society has usually taken factor with the limitations imposed via spiritual orthodoxy, principally with constrained luck. notwithstanding, man Ben-Porat indicates, in recent times, partly as a result of demographic adjustments and partially a result of impact of an more and more consumer-oriented society, dramatic adjustments have happened in secularization of vital components of private and non-private lives. even supposing those fissures frequently have extra to do with way of life offerings and economics than with political or non secular ideology, the calls for and offerings of an earthly public and a burgeoning spiritual presence within the govt have gotten ever tougher to reconcile. The proof, which the writer has accumulated from a variety of interviews and an in depth survey, is nowhere extra telling than in components that call for spiritual sanction akin to marriage, burial, the sale of beef, and the operation of companies at the Sabbath.

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The category of secular entrepreneurs is expanded here and includes individuals and groups that, in their choices and actions, undermine existing religious authority. The use of the word “actions” is not incidental, as these entrepreneurs vary in their worldviews or aspirations. Regardless of their ideologies or declared goals, these entrepreneurs respond to new opportunities to promote political and social change or increase profits. These include struggles in the formal political sphere, in which “ideological” secularists attempt to change existing rules, and take various actions outside the formal political sphere, in which everyday life practices, particular interests, and ideological initiatives challenge institutional settings.

The category of secular entrepreneurs is expanded here and includes individuals and groups that, in their choices and actions, undermine existing religious authority. The use of the word “actions” is not incidental, as these entrepreneurs vary in their worldviews or aspirations. Regardless of their ideologies or declared goals, these entrepreneurs respond to new opportunities to promote political and social change or increase profits. These include struggles in the formal political sphere, in which “ideological” secularists attempt to change existing rules, and take various actions outside the formal political sphere, in which everyday life practices, particular interests, and ideological initiatives challenge institutional settings.

Modernization, in other words, can influence, generate, and contain both secularization and religious revival. The complexity of contemporary religious–secular relations is a reminder that modernity Unpacking Secularization 7 does not necessarily bring about secularization, but can bring pluralism (Berger, Davie, and Fokas, 2008: 12). This pluralism, intensified by globalization, creates a religious market that, on one hand, can strengthen individual religiosity but, on the other hand, can undermine the authority of traditional religious institutions.

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