By Roy G. Van Driesche, Thomas S. Bellows Jr. (auth.)
`...this authored publication makes an attempt to hide the entire variety of organic regulate subject matters for newcomers and does so in a unified manner... necessary tables and graphs throughout.'
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Extra info for Biological Control
Some members of the family, however, are inquilines which exploit the food supply of other cynipid gall makers. 46 BIOLOGICAL CONTROL Charipidae. Most members of this small family are hypel'parasitoids of braconids found in aphids, although some species are primary parasitoids of Psylloidea Cpsyllids and their relatives). The superfamily Chalcidoidea includes the families that have contributed most to biological control. Sixteen chalcidoid families contain significant numbers of parasitoid species.
Trichogramma platneri Nagarkatti attacks the codling moth, Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus). (Photograph by M. ) Mymaridae. All mymarids (Fig. 1a) are egg parasitoids of insects in various orders, including Hemiptera, Homoptera, Psocoptera, Coleoptera, Diptera, and Orthoptera. Mymarids have been used in biological control projects through introduction, as in the use of Anaphesjlavipes (Forster) against the cereal leaf beetle, Oulema melanopus (Linnaeus) (Maltby et al. 1971). The superfamily Proctotrupoidea appears to be an artificial grouping of parasitoids that do not fit easily elsewhere.
Eucharitidae. All eucharitids are parasitoids of ants. ) in the southern United States. Perilampidae. This group contains mainly hyperparasitoids of parasitoids of Lepidoptera. As such, members of this family would generally not be considered for use in biological control introductions unless studies indicated a particular species of perilampid was a primary rather than secondary parasitoid. Tetracampidae. Tetracampids are egg parasitoids of chrysomelid beetles and diprionid sawflies, or of larvae of Agromyzidae.