Biometric Technologies and Verification Systems by John R. Vacca

By John R. Vacca

Biometric applied sciences and Verification structures is equipped into 9 components composed of 30 chapters, together with an intensive thesaurus of biometric phrases and acronyms. It discusses the present state of the art in biometric verification/authentication, identity and method layout ideas. It additionally offers a step by step dialogue of ways biometrics works; how biometric info in people may be accumulated and analyzed in a couple of methods; how biometrics are at the moment getting used as a style of private identity within which everyone is well-known by way of their very own specified corporal or behavioral features; and the way to create distinctive menus for designing a biometric verification approach. in basic terms biometrics verification/authentication is predicated at the id of an intrinsic a part of a man or woman. Tokens, equivalent to clever playing cards, magnetic stripe playing cards, and actual keys may be misplaced, stolen, or duplicated. Passwords should be forgotten, shared, or accidentally saw by way of a 3rd get together. Forgotten passwords and misplaced "smart playing cards" are a nuisance for clients and a dear time-waster for process directors. Biometric safeguard suggestions supply a few specific merits for selecting and verifying/ authenticating people over extra conventional protection equipment. This e-book will serve to spot a number of the defense purposes biometrics can play a hugely safe and particular function in. * comprises parts reminiscent of Sidebars, information, Notes and URL hyperlinks* seriously illustrated with over a hundred and fifty illustrations, monitor captures, and images* info some of the biometric applied sciences and the way they paintings whereas offering a dialogue of the economics, privateness concerns and demanding situations of enforcing biometric defense strategies

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In the United States, a trial of the INSPASS system used biometrics to allow travelers to bypass lengthy immigration lines. In the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, facial recognition systems are being used in conjunction with cameras that are located on prominent streets and thoroughfares, continually scanning pedestrians to find fugitives and terrorists. Border-control agencies are regularly using facial recognition and fingerprint biometrics to authenticate individuals passing through the borders.

Identifying a person’s Biometric Technologies for Personal Identification 23 physiological characteristics is based on direct measurement of a part of the body—fingertips, hand geometry, facial geometry, and eye retinas and irises. The corresponding biometric technologies are fingerprint recognition, hand geometry, and facial, retina, and iris recognition. Identifying behavioral characteristics is based on data derived from actions, such as speech and signature, the corresponding biometrics being speaker recognition and signature recognition [1].

Some of the more traditional uses of these biometric methods for identification or verification include (a detailed discussion of each of these leading biometric technologies follows this chapter): ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ Facial recognition: Facial recognition attempts to identify a subject based on facial characteristics such as eye socket position, space between cheekbones, etc. Fingerprint recognition: Fingerprint recognition systems rely on the biometric device’s ability to distinguish the unique impressions of ridges and valleys made by an individual’s finger.

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