By Harry Whitaker, C.U.M. Smith, Stanley Finger
It truly is a great publication to grasp the historical past of neuroscience. In contemporary days, scholars of neurophysiology be aware of little or no concerning the background neuroscience. to grasp the background provides deeper which means of the topic. This booklet can be mentioned the scholars.
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Extra resources for Brain, Mind and Medicine: Essays in Eighteenth-Century Neuroscience
Mesmer had qualified in medicine in 1766 with a dissertation on the influence of the heavenly bodies on human health. Just as the planets were held in their courses by the mysterious force known as ‘gravity’, so he believed that human bodies were affected by another mysterious force-carrying aether, ‘animal gravity’. This idea of an all-pervasive ‘subtle fluid’ recurred in his later work when, after being introduced to a new type of treatment using magnets by a Jesuit priest, Father Maximillian Hell, he replaced ‘animal gravity’ with ‘animal magnetism’ (see Lanska & Lanska, this volume).
Notes 1. For a history of ventricular psychology see Glynn, 1999, Green, 2003, and Tascioglu and Tascioglu, 2005. 2. Experiments showing that muscles did not contract by ‘ballooning’ were also carried out by Francis Glisson in 1677 (see Kaitaro, this volume) but Swammerdam’s experiments were far more sophisticated. M. Smith 3. The notion that nerve fibres were in some sense hollow, in fact, lingered on well into the middle of the nineteenth century. Microscopes and preparative techniques were just not good enough to eliminate the possibility that nerve trunks did not contain minute channels.
For example, a lengthy celebratory publication on Leeuwenhoek’s researches was published in Natura in 1932, to commemorate the tercentenary of his birth, and – although this aimed 2. Microscopes and Microscopy in the Eighteenth Century FIGURE 2. In 1674 Leeuwenhoek sent to London the first microscopical sections of nerve tissue. They were discovered by the author among the Leeuwenhoek papers of the Royal Society in 1981, and this electron micrograph was taken at Cardiff with a JSM 840A scanning electron microscope at 2kV.