Branching Off. The Early Moderns in Quest for the Unity of by Vlad Alexandrescu

By Vlad Alexandrescu

As Francis Bacon placed it at the frontispiece of his Novum Organum, grafting an apocalyptic imaginative and prescient on a learn application, multi pertransibunt et multiplex erit scientia. the improvement of technology turns into progressively linked to the tip of earthly lifestyles, a topic that may resound deeply in Western proposal up until eventually Goethe s Faust. What grounds then the multiplicity of information? what's the universal trunk out of which all nation-states of information spread, just like the burgeoning branches of the distinguished tree? After the Augustinian imprint of the 1st Christian centuries and after the admirable attempt of the excessive scholastics Aristotelian and Christian synthesis, the 17th century undertakes new clinical paintings with the necessity of a brand new regular flooring. the entire titanic names of the trendy period, Francis Bacon, Galileo, Descartes, Robert Boyle, Spinoza or Leibniz, chanced on themselves engaged within the look for a typical trunk of knowledge, every one of them nourishing the intimate conviction that they possessed the philosophical center which might fulfill the realized males s newly chanced on urge for food for indefinitely extending wisdom. In doing this, all of those masters had to confront the philosophical culture that they bought, transforming and merging jointly the previous constructions of technology via this epistemological prism of the hunt for the harmony of data. (Vlad Alexandrescu) CONTENTS Vlad Alexandrescu: Foreword I. Faces of data Nathan Smith: Mathesis, arithmetic and approach in Descartes s Regulae: A Reprise Elodie Cassan: Théorie de los angeles technology et body chez Descartes Vlad Alexandrescu: The double query of the individuation of actual our bodies in Descartes Roger Ariew: Descartes and Leibniz at the precept of Individuation Lucian Petrescu: Descartes and the inner Senses. On reminiscence and remembrance Stephen Gaukroger: The solidarity of information: typical philosophical foundations of Spinoza s politico-theology Daniel Garber: Leibniz, Theology and the Mechanical Philosophy Sorana Corneanu: Locke at the learn of Nature II. Mapping wisdom and Traditions Massimiliano Savini: l. a. Panacea Philosophica de Johann Heinrich Alsted: un projet architectonique d accès au savoir Dana Jalobeanu: The fascination of Solomon s apartment in 17th century England: Baconianism revisited Giulia Belgioioso: «Toute hyperbole have a tendency là, de nous amener à los angeles vérité par l excès de l. a. vérité, c est-à-dire par l. a. mensonge»: les parcours hyperboliques qui amènent à los angeles vérité de Balzac à Descartes Igor Agostini: Caterus on God as ens a se Justin E.H. Smith: Descartes and Henry extra on dwelling our bodies Mihnea Dobre: The medical Journals of the Seventeenth-Century: Cartesianism in magazine des Sçavans and Philosophical Transactions, 1665-1670 Eric Lewis: Sir Kenelm Digby and the Weapon Salve in 17th Century England Brandon glance: Leibniz and Locke on actual and Nominal Essences

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R. Armogathe et G. Belgioioso, Naples, Vivarium, 1996, p. 303-320. 2 Ce point, évident dès l’affirmation contenue dans la lettre à Mersenne du 13 novembre 1629, AT, I, p. 70, selon laquelle « expliquer tous les phénomènes de la nature » constitue « toute la physique », est repris notamment à l’article 42 de la troisième partie des Principia, AT, VIII, p. 98, AT, IX, p. 122, où la Terre est comprise dans l’extension du concept de phénomène. 3 Dans les Principia, on dénombre une occurrence du terme « sublunaire », localisée à l’art.

Crombie dans « A propos de la Dioptrique : l’expérience dans la philosophie naturelle de Descartes », in Problématique et réception du Discours de la méthode et des Essais, 1 Théorie de la science et physique chez Descartes 57 l’expérience suite à l’exposé des principes des choses matérielles, qui sont à caractère mathématique, montre que l’expérience ne fonde pas une nouvelle méthode de la science chez Descartes1 : l’appel à l’expérience fait voir qu’il ne s’agit pas de déduire le sys­tème du monde à partir des principes des choses matérielles, mais de déduire de ces principes des raisons permettant d’ expli­ quer la structure du monde visible.

4 Ce point est préparé par l’article 22 de la seconde partie des Principia qui pose : « item unam et eandem esse materiam coeli et terrae ; ac plures mundos esse non posse », AT, VIII, p. 52 ; AT, IX, p. 75. 1 54 Elodie Cassan En procédant à cette description, Descartes inscrit sa phy­sique dans le champ de l’expérience. A l’aide de la vue, dont il se propose de corriger le défaut par le raisonnement (« visus defectum indubitatis ratiociniis emendantes »1), il dégage la distance des princi­paux corps célestes par rapport à la Terre.

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