By Simon Roberts
Das Handbuch erklärt die Technologien, zeigt die verfügbaren Produkte und vermittelt anhand internationaler Projektbeispiele anschaulich deren Einsatz. Es liefert Architekten alles notwendige information, um neue oder bestehende Gebäude mit Photovoltaikanlagen auszustatten - Planung und Ausführung verbindend.
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Additional resources for Building-integrated Photovoltaic Designs for Commercial and Industrial Structures
Building structure. The PV panels were custom designed to match the dimensions of the Kawneer Series 1600 mullion system used on the four sides of the clock tower. They were fabricated as dual-glazed, thermally insulating panels with a glass-cell-glass laminate as the outer surface and a frosted glass sheet as the inner surface. 5-ft-diameter clock. Two rectangular shapes were required so the panels were vertically arranged to match the floor levels. PV Module Mounting and Attachment Details Eight electrically active panels were fuly wired and interconnected through an inverter and transformer into the building wiring as a utility-interactive system.
System Orientation and Tilt — To maximize solar access and power output, the physical orientation of the BIPV system and the tilt angle of the array should be considered relative to the geographical location of the building site. As a general rule of thumb, BIPV installations north of the equator perform optimally when oriented south and tilted at an angle 15 degrees higher than the site latitude. Conversely, BIPV installations south of the equator perform best when oriented north and tilted at an angle 15 degrees lower than the site latitude.
The peak power point is measured, under standard testing conditions (STC), as the PV module produces its maximum amount of power when exposed to artificial solar radiation of 1000 W/m2. System Orientation and Tilt — To maximize solar access and power output, the physical orientation of the BIPV system and the tilt angle of the array should be considered relative to the geographical location of the building site. As a general rule of thumb, BIPV installations north of the equator perform optimally when oriented south and tilted at an angle 15 degrees higher than the site latitude.