# Calculus Revisited by Robert W. Carroll (auth.)

By Robert W. Carroll (auth.)

In this e-book the main points of many calculations are supplied for entry to paintings in quantum teams, algebraic differential calculus, noncommutative geometry, fuzzy physics, discrete geometry, gauge thought, quantum integrable structures, braiding, finite topological areas, a few elements of geometry and quantum mechanics and gravity.

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Extra resources for Calculus Revisited

Sample text

Many ofthe constructions in Sections 1-2 can be understood better conceptually in categorical terms. For example a module algebra is an algebra which is an object in the category of representations of a quantum group so each quantum group generates a category in which its covariant algebras live. In such a category the covariant algebras naturally acquire braid statistics and thus two conceptually different ideas, nontrivial statistics and covariance under a group, are unified in the notion of quanturn group covariance.

We will soon write out some proofs in detail for the category situation. 3) (id 181

Id, with ~ in the i th position (i = 1,··· ,n). Set ~o = 1 ® ( ) and ~n+1 = ( ) ® 1 so ~i is defined for O :S i :S n + 1. 13) (IT d'X) ('IT d,[l) where the even i run 0,2,··· and the odd i run 1,3,···. One writes 8X = (8+X)(8_X- 1) for the separate even and odd parts. An n-cocycle for a Ropf algebra or bialgebra is an invertible X E H®n such that 8X = 1 and a cochain or cocycle is counital if fiX = 1 for all fi = id ® ... ® f ® ... 5. A 1-cocycle for R a bialgebra or Ropf algebra is an invertible element X E H such that X ® X = ~X (group like).