Captive Society: The Basij Militia and Social Control in by Saeid Golkar

By Saeid Golkar

Iran's association for the Mobilization of the Oppressed (Sazeman-e Basij-e Mostazafan), generally known as the Basij, is a paramilitary association utilized by the regime to suppress dissidents, vote as a bloc, and indoctrinate Iranian electorate. Captive Society surveys the Basij's historical past, constitution, and sociology, in addition to its impact on Iranian society, its economic climate, and its academic procedure. Saied Golkar's account attracts not just on released materials―including Basij and innovative protect guides, allied web content, and blogs―but additionally on his personal casual communications with Basij individuals whereas learning and educating in Iranian universities as lately as 2014. furthermore, he accommodates findings from surveys and interviews he carried out whereas in Iran.

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Likewise, its involvement in politics may also focus on the promotion and implementation of its interests. It is accepted that the more the military is involved in the economy, the higher the threat of military involvement in politics. 48 In extreme cases, a military’s penetration into the political area may result in the establishment of military rule. 49 For example, in Iraq, Saddam Hussein used the militia as a tool to secure the Ba’th Party, maintain political order, and suppress and marginalize other political groups.

Resistance bases are the most visible part of the Basij and, therefore, the most important section of the organization. Over the past thirty years, the number of these bases has increased rapidly. In 1981, there were about 7,000 bases. 13 (It should be noted that official governmental statistics are not always reliable in Iran. For example, in 2002, the representative of the Supreme Leader in the IRGC announced that there were 37,000 resistance bases in Iran.

Likewise, its involvement in politics may also focus on the promotion and implementation of its interests. It is accepted that the more the military is involved in the economy, the higher the threat of military involvement in politics. 48 In extreme cases, a military’s penetration into the political area may result in the establishment of military rule. 49 For example, in Iraq, Saddam Hussein used the militia as a tool to secure the Ba’th Party, maintain political order, and suppress and marginalize other political groups.

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