Elements, Principles and Corpuscles: A Study of Atomism and by Antonio Clericuzio

By Antonio Clericuzio

In Elements, rules and Particles, Antonio Clericuzio explores the relationships among chemistry and corpuscular philosophy within the age of the clinical Revolution. technological know-how historians have appeared chemistry and corpuscular philosophy as special traditions. Clericuzio's view is that because the starting of the seventeenth century atomism and chemistry have been strictly hooked up. this is often attested through Daniel Sennert and through many hitherto little-known French and English average philosophers. they typically mixed a corpuscular concept of topic with Paracelsian chemical (and clinical) doctrines. Boyle performs a principal half within the current e-book: Clericuzio redefines Boyle's chemical perspectives, by means of exhibiting that Boyle didn't subordinate chemistry to the rules of mechanical philosophy. whilst Boyle defined chemical phenomena, he had recourse to corpuscles endowed with chemical, now not mechanical, homes. the mix of chemistry and corpuscular philosophy was once followed through a few chemists energetic within the final many years of the seventeenth century, either in England and at the Continent.
utilizing lots of fundamental assets, the writer demanding situations the traditional view of the corpuscular conception of subject as exact with the mechanical philosophy. He issues out that various models of the corpuscular philosophy flourished within the seventeenth century. so much of them weren't in keeping with the mechanical conception, i.e. at the view that topic is inert and has in basic terms mechanical homes. in the course of the seventeenth century, lively rules, in addition to chemical houses, are attributed to corpuscles. Given its vast assurance, the booklet is an important contribution to either background of technology and background of philosophy.

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Muller's Lab by Laura Otis

By Laura Otis

Many buildings within the human physique are named after Johannes Muller, some of the most revered anatomists and physiologists of the nineteenth century. Muller taught a number of the prime scientists of his age, a lot of whom could cross directly to make trail-blazing discoveries in their personal. between them have been Theodor Schwann, who validated that every one animals are made from cells; Hermann Helmholtz, who measured the rate of nerve impulses; and Rudolf Virchow, who confident medical professionals to think about disorder on the mobile point. This e-book tells Muller's tale by way of interweaving it with these of 7 of his most renowned students.Muller suffered from melancholy and insomnia whilst he used to be doing his most crucial medical paintings, and will have devoted suicide at age fifty six. Like Muller, his such a lot renowned scholars confronted own and social demanding situations as they practiced state-of-the-art technological know-how. Virchow was once fired for his political activism, Jakob Henle used to be jailed for club in a dueling society, and Robert Remak used to be barred from Prussian universities for refusing to give up his Orthodox Judaism. via recounting those tales, Muller's Lab explores the ways that own lifestyles can have an effect on scientists' specialist offerings, and therefore impact the good discoveries they make.

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Doctor Mom Chung of the Fair-Haired Bastards: The Life of a by Judy Tzu-Chun Wu

By Judy Tzu-Chun Wu

During international struggle II, mother Chung's used to be the place to be in San Francisco. infantrymen, motion picture stars, and politicians collected at her domestic to socialise, to teach their commitment to the Allied reason, and to precise their affection for Dr. Margaret Chung (1889-1959). the 1st identified American-born chinese language lady health care professional, Chung confirmed one of many first Western clinical clinics in San Francisco's Chinatown within the Twenties. She additionally turned a favourite star and behind-the-scenes political dealer in the course of international struggle II. Chung won nationwide repute while she all started "adopting" millions of infantrymen, sailors, and flyboys, together with Ronald Reagan, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, and Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr. A pioneer in either expert and political nation-states, Chung experimented in her own lifestyles to boot. She followed masculine costume and had romantic relationships with different girls, corresponding to author Elsa Gidlow and entertainer Sophie Tucker.

This is the 1st biography to discover Margaret Chung's outstanding and intricate existence. It brings alive the bohemian and queer social milieus of Hollywood and San Francisco in addition to the wartime star group Chung cultivated. Her lifestyles presents an extraordinary glimpse into the chances of traversing racial, gender, and sexual limitations of yankee society from the overdue Victorian period in the course of the early chilly conflict period.

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Psychological Trauma and the Legacies of the First World War by Jason Crouthamel, Peter Leese

By Jason Crouthamel, Peter Leese

This transnational, interdisciplinary examine of anxious neurosis strikes past the prevailing histories of scientific concept, welfare, and symptomatology. The essays discover the private traumas of infantrymen and civilians within the wake of the 1st international conflict; in addition they speak about how reminiscence and representations of trauma are transmitted among sufferers, medical professionals and households throughout generations. The e-book argues that to this point the hectic results of the battle were considerably underestimated. Trauma was once formed via gender, politics, and character. To discover the various different types of trauma neglected by way of scientific and political experts, this quantity attracts on varied assets, corresponding to kinfolk data and narratives by means of little ones of traumatized males, files from movie and images, memoirs by means of infantrymen and civilians. This cutting edge examine demanding situations us to think again our method of the advanced mental results of the 1st global War.

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The Politics of Bioethics by Alan Petersen

By Alan Petersen

Recent quick advances within the biosciences have ended in massive debate in regards to the social, moral, and criminal implications of analysis and its purposes. The mapping of the human genome, advances in cloning innovations, the harvesting of embryonic stem cells for examine, expanding use of genetic trying out in healthcare, and the advance of large-scale genetic databases haven't merely generated excessive expectancies approximately new diagnostics and coverings but in addition huge common worry approximately their effects. This publication deals a serious appraisal of bioethics and its implications because it relates to the fields of healthiness and medication and public healthiness, with a selected emphasis on contemporary technological ideas as they supply a noteworthy exemplar of the facility of bioethics in shaping rules, practices and notions of societal merits. while different books have tended to check moral dilemmas and demanding situations of utilising moral ideas, frequently when it comes to a constrained array of concerns, this ebook investigates the socio-political implications of bioethics discourse and practices when it comes to quite a number arguable (or almost certainly arguable) developments. Providing a benchmark for destiny debate and scholarly paintings, this quantity may be of curiosity to policymakers, clinicians, students, and others who're trying to find new methods of creating feel and comparing fresh advancements within the box of bioethics.

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Cholera: A Worldwide History by S.L. Kotar

By S.L. Kotar

In seven significant cholera pandemics starting in 1817, the "King of Terrors" has claimed thousands of lives. The lethal results of the so-called "disease of grime" spared nobody, irrespective of their station in life--and this day cholera is extra primary than at any time all through background.

This booklet lines the background of the sickness and the event of these who suffered its ravages, utilizing their very own phrases from enormous quantities of newspapers and letters at any time when attainable. In so doing, the speculations, missteps, sidetracks and winning fears are emphasised. The authors describe the agonizingly sluggish march of growth towards studying the explanations and the remedy of signs. alongside the best way, the heroes of previous and current are brought: women and men who fought for his or her beliefs--at instances opposed to vitriolic and strong competitors, together with the scientific gurus in their day.

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The Art of Medicine in Early China: The Ancient and Medieval by Miranda Brown

By Miranda Brown

During this ebook, Miranda Brown investigates the myths that acupuncturists and herbalists have advised concerning the beginning of the therapeutic arts. relocating from the Han (206 BC-AD 220) and track (960-1279) dynasties to the 20th century, Brown lines the wealthy background of chinese language clinical historiography and the slow emergence of the archive of clinical culture. She exposes the historic conditions that formed the present photo of clinical progenitors: the traditional bibliographers, medieval editors, and smooth reformers and defenders of chinese language medication who contributed to the modern form of the archive. Brown demonstrates how historic and medieval methods of realizing live to tell the tale in renowned narratives of clinical historical past, either in sleek Asia and within the West. She additionally unearths the fantastic and sometimes unacknowledged debt that modern students owe to their pre-modern forbearers for the types, frameworks, and analytic instruments with which to check the far away previous.

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A Cheap, Safe and Natural Medicine. Religion, Medicine and by Deborah Madden

By Deborah Madden

John Wesley's Primitive Physic (1747) accomplished twenty-three variants in his lifetime, making sure its well known and debatable prestige in eighteenth-century drugs. this can be the 1st full-length learn to ascertain the theological, highbrow and cultural history to 1 of the period's such a lot winning clinical texts. by means of exploring Wesley's paintings within the context of his theology, 'A reasonable, secure and average drugs' extends the on-going reconfiguration of the connection among faith and medication. Wesley was once on a theological challenge to get well the primitive purity of the 1st Christians. but the treatments contained inside of Primitive Physic recommend a realistic philosopher, whose crisis for religious healthiness didn't hinder him from supplying useful information to people who wanted it. The evolution of Wesley's pondering additionally demonstrates the various struggles he confronted as chief of the Methodist flow, corresponding to the way in which he dealt with modern feedback of Primitive Physic whilst non secular 'enthusiasm' was once usually conflated with scientific 'quackery'. 'A reasonable, secure and normal drugs' may be of curiosity not just to clinical and literary historians, yet to an individual who's drawn to the best way faith affects drugs. Contents** Preface** Acknowledgements** half I: The clinical Holism of Primitive Physic** 1 advent: Primitive Physic Explain'd in a simple and average Method** 2 John Wesley's Hermeneutics of Primitive Christianity and useful Piety** three event and the typical curiosity of Mankind: Physic, an paintings or technology in Eighteenth-Century England?** four maintaining future health, or a number of simple and straightforward Rules** half II: Primitive Physic: 'A choice of Receipts'** five Primitive Physic: reasonable, secure and common drugs for well-being and lengthy Life** 6 end: the hunt for Pristine Purity** Bibliography** Index**

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Nobel Prizes That Changed Medicine by Gilbert Thompson

By Gilbert Thompson

Tony Seed, Gilbert Thompson, Jackie Downs and John MacDermot on the book's release in London

This e-book brings jointly in a single quantity fifteen Nobel Prize-winning discoveries that experience had the best impression upon scientific technological know-how and the perform of medication throughout the twentieth century and as much as the current time. Its total goal is to enlighten, entertain and stimulate. this is often specially so when you are interested in or considering a occupation in scientific examine.

somebody attracted to the details of a particular award or Laureate can receive unique info at the subject by way of having access to the Nobel Foundation's site. against this, this e-book goals to supply a much less formal and extra own view of the technology and scientists concerned, by way of having fashionable teachers write a bankruptcy each one a few Nobel Prize-winning discovery of their personal parts of curiosity and services.

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This mortal coil : the human body in history and culture by Fay Bound Alberti

By Fay Bound Alberti

"Hamlet's "mortal coil"--Which finally and necessarily we "shuffle off" after we input the sleep of loss of life, as he places it - hasn't ever been static. certainly how the human physique and its part elements were understood, separately and jointly, has shifted throughout time, formed through tradition, faith, and know-how. during this probing and provocative new publication, Fay sure Alberti makes use of the worldwide histories of medicine, Read more...

summary: "Hamlet's "mortal coil"--Which finally and necessarily we "shuffle off" after we input the sleep of demise, as he places it - hasn't ever been static. certainly how the human physique and its part components were understood, separately and jointly, has shifted throughout time, formed by way of tradition, faith, and know-how. during this probing and provocative new booklet, Fay sure Alberti makes use of the worldwide histories of drugs, pathology, and feelings to discover those altering notions. every one bankruptcy makes use of a distinct concentration - bones, epidermis, sexual organs, backbone, tongue, middle - revealing how every one physique half connects to a primarily Western idea of craftsmanship, one that appropriates one aspect from the others and ignores their interconnection. the topics tested during this Mortal Coil - the character of id, the connection among the mind and the center, and the gendering of our actual and emotional selves - are enduring ones, yet perceptions of the "perfect physique" or "perfect wellbeing and fitness" evolve regularly. relocating among the outside and what lies underneath, Alberti offers a wealthy and engaging accounting of every half, laying off gentle at the function medical advancements - from remedy to cosmetic surgery to cloning - performs in how we glance at ourselves. Written with perception and narrative verve, Alberti's provocative booklet finds how the mortal coil could be unwound, and checked out as though for the 1st time"

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