Chemistry for Protection of the Environment by Lucjan Pawlowski, William J. Lacy, Christopher G. Uchrin,

By Lucjan Pawlowski, William J. Lacy, Christopher G. Uchrin, Marzenna R. Dudzinska

During the last twenty years, this environmental convention sequence has emerged to be­ come one of many significant foreign boards at the chemical elements of environmental professional­ tection. The discussion board is termed Chemistry for the security of our surroundings (CPE). The sponsors of this CPE sequence have integrated the Chemical Societies of Poland, France, Bel­ gium, Italy, Egypt, and the u.s., the yank Institute of Chemical Engineers, the yankee Society of trying out and fabrics, the foreign Ozone organization, the United countries business improvement association, the Ministries of our environment of Poland, France, Belgium, and Italy, U.S. employer for overseas improvement, U.S. Environmental security corporation, greater than twenty universities and institutes of upper studying, and 5 nationwide academies of sciences. the 1st assembly during this sequence was once geared up by means of Prof. Pawlowski and Dr. Lacy in 1976 on the Marie Curie-Sklodowska college in Lublin, Poland. The convention handled a variety of physicochemical methodologies for water and wastewater remedy learn initiatives that have been together subsidized by way of U.S. EPA and Poland.

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In underdeveloped regions the increase in oil price halted a lot of economic development programs. 1. Structure of and Use of Energy Resources The most important energy resource is oil. It is not only highly concentrated and easy 26 to transport, but during its processing the products obtained are very convenient materials for chemical synthesis. Thus the production of plastics and synthesis fibres on a large scale was possible only because of the availability of the starting materials from oil.

Slaked lime and limestone are the most popular. Sweden began a liming programme in the autumn of 1976, and by the summer of 1982 about 1500 Swedish lakes had been limited at a total cost of about $ 15 million. Liming alleviates some of the symptoms of acidification, but it is no real cure, is not practicable for many lakes and running waters, and does not attack the causes of the problem. It should, however, be considered as an interim measure which offers some defence until the emissions of pollutants can be reduced to a satisfactory level, Liming can also be used to counterbalance the increasing acidification of cropland.

Nevertheless, protection of the Earth’s atmosphere requires the wider use of pure oxygen in industry, especially in those processes which are most harmful to the environment. From this point of view there is a need to develop both cheaper and more efficient methods for the generation of oxygen and cleaner, cheaper sources of energy, which would improve the economics of replacing air with pure oxygen. We have seen that energy is a significant component of our environment, which justifies its place as one of the ancient Greeks’ ‘elements’, Fire.

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