By Andrew D Duckworth
A brand new ebook within the highly-regarded Churchill's Pocketbook sequence protecting the necessities of orthopaedics, trauma and rheumatology compatible for clinical scholars and origin medical professionals.
Read Online or Download Churchill’s Pocketbook of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rheumatology PDF
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Additional info for Churchill’s Pocketbook of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rheumatology
A, anterior compartment of forearm; D, deep; P, posterior compartment of forearm; S, superficial. 3 Median Ulnar/ anterior interosseous Digital extension Extensor digitorum (PS) Common extensor origin Extensor expansion 4 ulnar middle/distal phalanges Posterior interosseous * Extensor indicis, a posterior compartment muscle of the forearm, contributes to 2nd digit extension alone. Opponens pollicis and opponens digiti minimi medially rotate the thumb and 5th digit, respectively, creating opposition, thus producing a grip that is also aided by palmaris brevis.
8). 9) — gastrocnemius and plantaris provide minor contributions to knee flexion. The intrinsic muscles of the foot are divided into four layers. 9). 8 The muscles, with their innervations, which provide movement at the ankle joint and foot (eversion and inversion) Movement Muscle Origin Insertion Nerve Dorsiflexion Extensor hallucis longus (A) Fibula and interosseous membrane Tibia and interosseous membrane Fibula and interosseous membrane Tibia and interosseous membrane Big toe, distal phalanx Deep peroneal Middle/distal phalanx (lateral 4 toes) 5th MT base Deep peroneal 1st MT base, medial cuneiform Deep peroneal 1st MT, medial cuneiform 5th MT Calcaneum Calcaneum (via AT) Calcaneum (via AT) Superficial peroneal Superficial peroneal Tibial Tibial Tibial Flexor digitorum longus (PD) Fibula Fibula Lateral supracondyle of femur Posterior condyles of femur Fibula and medial border of tibia Posterior aspect of tibia Tibial Flexor hallucis longus (PD) Tibialis posterior (PD) Posterior aspect of fibula Tibia and fibula Distal phalanges (lateral 4 toes) Distal phalanx of big toe Navicular, medial cuneiform Eversion Peroneus tertius (A) Peroneus longus (L) Peroneus brevis (L) Anterior aspect of fibula Fibula Fibula 5th MT base 1st MT, medial cuneiform 5th MT Deep peroneal Superficial peroneal Superficial peroneal Inversion Tibialis anterior (A) Tibia and interosseous membrane Tibia and fibula 1st MT base, medial cuneiform Navicular, medial cuneiform Deep peroneal Extensor digitorum longus (A) Peroneus tertius (A) Tibialis anterior (A) Plantarflexion Peroneus longus (L) Peroneus brevis (L) Plantaris (PS) Gastrocnemius (PS) Soleus (PS) Tibial Tibial Tibial 39 A, anterior compartment of leg; AT, Achilles’ tendon; D deep; L, lateral compartment of leg; MT, metatarsal; P, posterior compartment of leg; S, superficial.
Those muscles attaching to the posterior aspect of the femur will predominantly do so via the linea aspera of the femur. ANATOMY HIP, THIGH AND KNEE ᭣ Movement 32 Movement Muscle Origin Insertion Nerve Flexion Sartorius (A) Anterior superior iliac spine Femoral Gracilis (M) Ischiopubic ramus Biceps femoris (P) Semimembranosus (P) Semitendinosus (P) Ischial tuberosity and posterior aspect of femur Ischial tuberosity Ischial tuberosity Superior/medial aspect of tibia Superior/medial aspect of tibia Fibula head Tibia (medial condyle) Tibia (superomedial aspect) Tibial Tibial Rectus Vastus Vastus Vastus Anterior inferior iliac spine Upper aspect of femur Upper aspect of femur Body of femur Patellar Patellar Patellar Patellar Femoral Femoral Femoral Femoral Extension femoris (A) medialis (A) lateralis (A) intermedius (A) tendon tendon tendon tendon onto onto onto onto tibia tibia tibia tibia Obturator Tibial, common peroneal * The quadriceps is a group of muscles including vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, vastus intermedius and rectus femoris.