Classic Maya Provincial Politics: Xunantunich and Its by Lisa J. LeCount, Jason Yaeger

By Lisa J. LeCount, Jason Yaeger

Most remedies of enormous vintage Maya websites equivalent to Caracol and Tikal regard Maya political association as hugely centralized. simply because investigations have interested in civic constructions and elite palaces, despite the fact that, a serious a part of the image of vintage Maya political association has been missing.

The participants to this quantity chart the increase and fall of the vintage Maya middle of Xunantunich, paying specific awareness to its altering relationships with the groups that comprised its hinterlands. They study how the altering relationships among Xunantunich and the bigger nation of Naranjo affected the neighborhood inhabitants, the positioning in their farms and homes, and the variety of monetary and subsistence actions during which either elites and commoners engaged. additionally they learn the methods universal humans seized possibilities and met demanding situations provided by means of a altering political landscape.

The wealthy archaeological information during this publication express that incorporating topic groups and people—and protecting them incorporated—was an on-going problem to historical Maya rulers. earlier, archaeologists have lacked built-in local info and a fine-grained chronology during which to rfile temporary shifts in web site occupations, subsistence techniques, and different very important practices of the way of life of the Maya. This booklet offers a revised photograph of Maya politics—one of alternative methods of governing and alliance formation between dominant facilities, provincial polities, and hinterland communities.

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Extra info for Classic Maya Provincial Politics: Xunantunich and Its Hinterlands

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Although these governors were nonlocal Inka state appointees, local leaders often served as state officials, and the lower-level political structures were left intact whenever possible, a strategy that acted to stabilize regional politics (Grosboll 1993). Although the Inka footprint in the Huánuco region is significant and archaeologically obvious (Morris and Thompson 1985), Sue Grosboll’s Provincial Politics and the Maya State 37 comparison of the archaeological and historic evidence from the Huánuco region of the Inka Empire illustrates that local architectural and ceramic styles in many areas outside the administrative center were nearly unaffected by Inka policies.

Consequently, we would like to expand the discussion of Maya political organization away from its current focus on paramount centers and elite interactions to a broader discussion of the ways in which incorporation strategies affected subject polities, not only at the highest levels of provincial leadership, but throughout the hinterlands of provincial capitals. To what extent did local sovereigns owe their positions to the dominant state, and what types of local politics were enacted to stabilize that relationship?

Elizabeth Brumfiel (1987a) documents the increase in the quality and quantity of craft goods, especially elite items, in the Aztec Central Provinces as a result of the growing political economy. Surprisingly, tribute goods appeared in markets for sale to the general population, presumably because nobles who obtained these items as state payments exchanged surplus tribute items for utilitarian goods. For Rome, the first step after conquest was the seizure of land and its subdivision into small allotments, which were distributed to individual Roman settlers (Salmon 1982:41).

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