By David Arnold
During this leading edge research of drugs and illness in colonial India, David Arnold explores the very important function of the country in scientific and public healthiness actions, arguing that Western drugs grew to become a serious battleground among the colonized and the colonizers.Focusing on 3 significant epidemic diseases--smallpox, cholera, and plague--Arnold analyzes the effect of scientific interventionism. He demonstrates that Western medication as practiced in India was once no longer easily transferred from West to East, yet used to be additionally formed in line with neighborhood wishes and Indian conditions.By emphasizing this colonial size of medication, Arnold highlights the centrality of the physique to political authority in British India and exhibits how drugs either prompted and articulated the intrinsic contradictions of colonial rule.
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Extra resources for Colonizing the Body: State Medicine and Epidemic Disease in Nineteenth-Century India
On first looking into the works of Caraka and Susruta, Wilson professed great disappointment. The causes attributed to leprosy he found "very miscellaneous and unmeaning," though patient scrutiny revealed some of them to be "less wild and unmethodical" than they at first appeared. 2011 19:19:50] cover hereditary disease but quickly dismissed the suggestion that it was a divine punishment for human sins. He found Ayurvedic texts even less helpful when it came to the treatment of the disease.
16 percent of their strength, a sixth of the European figure. Since cholera was endemic in Bengal, figures for that province were particularly high. In Madras, which was less severely affected, the difference between European and Indian mortality rates was considerably smaller. 18 Current experience gave fresh urgency to past woes. In 1861, even as the Royal Commission toiled over its report, the British Army was struck by one of the most severe outbreaks of cholera it had yet experienced in India.
They were required as trained medical assistants (compounders, apothecaries, dressers, and so forth) to help European doctors and surgeons with their routine work and to save the Company the expense of employing more Europeans. 98 In response to a proposal from the provincial Medical Board in May 1822, the Government of Bengal authorized the training of up to twenty Indian medical recruits for the army or civilian government service. One outcome of this decision was the creation of a Native Medical Institution in Calcutta to provide them with medical instruction.