Contested Medicine: Cancer Research and the Military by Gerald Kutcher

By Gerald Kutcher

Within the 1960s University of Cincinnati radiologist Eugene Saenger infamously performed human experiments on sufferers with complicated melanoma to envision how overall physique radiation may deal with the affliction. yet, less than agreement with the dep. of safety, Saenger extensively utilized those self same sufferers as proxies for infantrymen to respond to questions about wrestle effectiveness on a nuclear battlefield. utilizing the Saenger case as a method to think again chilly battle scientific trials, Contested medication examines the inherent tensions on the middle of medical stories of the time. Emphasizing the deeply intertwined and together supportive courting among melanoma remedy with radiation and army medication, Gerald Kutcher explores post–World conflict II melanoma trials, the efforts of the govt. to regulate scientific ethics, and the real function of army investigations within the improvement of an efficient remedy for youth leukemia. while so much histories of human experimentation pass judgement on learn comparable to Saenger’s opposed to idealized practices, Contested medication eschews such an procedure and considers why Saenger’s friends and later critics had a lot trouble achieving an unambiguous moral review. Kutcher’s enticing research deals an method of medical ethics and examine imperatives that lays naked some of the conflicts and tensions of the postwar interval.

Show description

Read Online or Download Contested Medicine: Cancer Research and the Military PDF

Similar special topics books

Software Metrics A Guide To Planning, Analysis, And Application

This publication simplifies software program dimension and explains its price as a device for decision-makers at software program businesses. concepts provided in software program Metrics: A advisor to making plans, research, and alertness are derived from top practices. the guidelines are field-proven, down-to-earth, and easy, making it a useful source for these striving for strategy development.

Tiger Bone & Rhino Horn: The Destruction of Wildlife for Traditional Chinese Medicine

In elements of Korea and China, moon bears, black yet for the crescent-shaped patch of white on their chests, are captured within the wild and taken to "bear farms" the place they're imprisoned in squeeze cages, and a metal catheter is inserted into their gall bladders. The dripping bile is amassed as a medication for diseases starting from an dissatisfied abdominal to epidermis burns.

Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Mental Illness

Surprise treatment is coming round again this day within the therapy of significant psychological disorder. regardless of its reemergence as a secure and potent psychiatric software, notwithstanding, it remains to be shrouded by way of a longstanding destructive public picture, now not least because of movies reminiscent of the vintage One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest, the place the inmate of a psychiatric health center (played by means of Jack Nicholson) is subjected to electro-shock to lessen his rebellious habit.

Lasers for medical applications: Diagnostics, therapy and surgery

Lasers became an fundamental scientific device and new innovations and coverings related to them are being pioneered for all time. The editor and participants commence through taking a look at the reaction of tissue to laser gentle. They then define the categories of lasers utilized in drugs, together with solid-state, fuel, dye and semiconductor lasers and talk about using lasers for diagnostics, akin to optical coherence tomography, laser spectroscopy in biomedicine and optical biopsy.

Extra resources for Contested Medicine: Cancer Research and the Military

Example text

71. Thompson, “Moral Economy,” 217. 2 The Production of Trustworthy Knowledge A refreshingly unstructured pronouncement emerged from some members of the French Academy of Political and Moral Sciences. Discussing the Nazi experiments they suggested that no written law can provide a strict ruling that knowledge gained for science constitutes the ultimate justification, but that the responsible, experienced, prudent scientist—who is the only type of experimentalist to be tolerated—will draw his own limit.

Fisher’s own was the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project. 32. Fisher was cleverly skirting the standard sequence, at least in the textbooks, that dose escalation should be carried out in Phase I studies prior to the initiation of Phase III randomized trials (Pocock, Clinical Trials, chap. 1). 33. Meinert, Clinical Trials, chap. 5. 34. Cox, “Brief History,” 27. For centers of calculation, see Latour, Science in Action, chap. 6. 35. Fisher, “Clinical Trials for Cancer,” 2613. For the early randomization procedures used in the United Kingdom, each new patient was assigned a number in sequence, and an envelope marked with that number was opened to determine the patient’s assigned treatment (Hill, “Clinical Trial” [1951], 280).

71 To return to the postwar landscape of clinical trials, we find it covered with larger and ever more carefully designed studies. As the trials grew in size and number, and as they influenced ever-larger cohorts of individuals, the battles over the epistemic claims of clinical trials only increased. To counter these arguments, new institutions, cooperative groups, and more sophisticated methods of analysis arose. But the widening scope of the 40 • C H A P T E R O N E medical and lay communities affected by clinical trials and by new institutions and cooperative groups further increased the number and range of the grounds on which medical knowledge could be contested.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.01 of 5 – based on 17 votes