Critical Issues Facing the Middle East: Security, Politics, by J. Russell

By J. Russell

Addressing systemic adjustments within the heart East's safeguard atmosphere because the Iraq battle, sought after specialists research the demanding situations those adjustments pose to US process and coverage. They research the explanations of profound fiscal, political and spiritual transitions and their implications for hopes of reform.

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The rentier nature of both economies is no less evident: revenues derived from oil represent the bulk of public and external revenues. In essence, these revenues enable the governments in each country to dominate the private sector and shift resources toward activities not necessarily the most productive economically or desirable from the point of view of the population at Reforming the Rentier Stat e 39 large. In short, the collection and subsequent redistribution of oil revenues takes on both an economic and political dimension.

S. support. This only bolsters hard-liners within authoritarian regimes, making them less likely to seek accommodation with opposition elements. Pious public rhetoric notwithstanding, the actions of the world’s most powerful democracy block Arab transition to democracy because the United States does not really want it to happen. ” American interests in the Arab region have been defined to include: support for Israel, regardless of its occupation policies in the West Bank and Gaza; opposition to any single state having even short-run market power over oil prices; and opposition to any regime that might harbor jihadi salafi terrorists.

2. Isaiah Berlin, “Notes on Prejudice,” New York Review of Books, October 18, 2001, 12. 3. Richard Bulliet, The Case for Islamo-Christian Civilization (New York: Columbia University Press, 2004). 4. See Karen Armstrong, The Battle for God (New York: Knopf, 2000), for a detailed analysis of the role of religious fundamentalism as the “midwife of modernity” for Jews, Christians, and Muslims. For a similar story about the United States, see James A. Morone, Hellfire Nation: The Politics of Sin in American History (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003).

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