Dark Crusade: Christian Zionism and US Foreign Policy by Clifford A. Kiracofe

By Clifford A. Kiracofe

Regardless of its efforts to advertise peace and instil democracy within the area, the United States is seen through many within the center East as a bent dealer waging a "dark campaign" opposed to its enemies: in covert collaboration with Israel. The an important hostility to Arab and Palestinian pursuits of the so-called "Zionist foyer" within the US has lengthy been well-known. however it is one other much less customary point in US politics that more and more calls the pictures on Capitol Hill, directing the process American international coverage there: Christian Zionism. Christian Zionists now impression not just the Republican get together, but in addition the White residence and Congress. Protestant fundamentalists are awaiting the tip of the area and they have lengthy made universal reason with the main severe political parts within the nation of Israel. yet why? Jews and fundamentalist Christians hardly ever seem like common allies. Adhering to a feverish apocalyptic ideology, Christian Zionists however think that recovery of the complete biblical Holy Land to the Jewish humans will consequence the thousand-year reign of Christ. in the course of his 11 years operating within the Senate, the writer saw initially hand the deep-seated effect of Christian Zionism on American overseas coverage, and is uniquely certified to evaluate its importance. darkish campaign deals the main nuanced research but written of this risky and intricate phenomenon.

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He ascertained that Muhammad Ali was favorable to developing relations and identified some commercial possibilities. Given the way in which the extensive Ottoman Empire was organized, the development of relations with Egypt was complicated by the situation that the Egyptian ruler, a vassal, was technically under the authority of the Ottoman Porte. Gliddon’s post was upgraded from consular agent to consul, and his son became vice-consul at Cairo. American industrial technology – including the improved cotton gin – was made available to the Egyptian ruler, who desired to modernize his economy.

Britain’s challenge, in the face of such French and Russian penetration in the Holy Land, was how to create inroads using religion as a tool and how to find other allies in the Holy Land. Between 1839 and 1841, Palmerston, with the assistance of Cooper and his circle, solved the problem to his own satisfaction. The Foreign Secretary implemented a logical policy of cultivating the local Hebrew and Druze communities. Gaining public support for such a policy required mobilizing The Eastern Question and Imperialism 23 both elite and mass opinion via the press and various philanthropic organizations and activities.

Further, these united American states needed to be able to develop international economic relations freely so as to strengthen their domestic economies and joint war effort. 8 The outcome, of course, was the Declaration of Independence penned by Thomas Jefferson and signed on 4 July 1776. By adopting this document, the Continental Congress moved toward developing diplomatic and economic relations with foreign powers; significantly, however, it took no real steps to forge actual connections until such time as the 13 states could demonstrate their independence militarily.

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