Design and construction in Romanesque architecture : first by C. Edson Armi

By C. Edson Armi

Edson Armi bargains an unique interpretation of Romanesque structure via concentrating on constructions in northern Italy, Switzerland, southern France, and Catalonia, the areas the place Romanesque structure first seemed round a thousand advert. He integrates the learn of medieval constitution with an information of building, ornament and articulation to figure out the origins of medieval structure and the excessive Romanesque kind. Armi's intensive research finds new wisdom approximately layout judgements within the early heart a while.

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In large northern French churches like those at Bernay (see Fig. 6), Montier-en-Der, Reims, and Vignory, naves are multistoried, and pronounced stringcourse moldings divide the levels and interrupt the ar- 19 20 Design and Construction in Romanesque Architecture 9. Vignory, Saint-Étienne, exterior, chevet. 10. Sant Llorenç de Morunys, abbey church, interior, nave. History, Geography, and Construction 11. Cardona, Sant Vicenç, interior, nave, southern wall, detail of first transverse arch and adjacent barrel vault; (a) evenly coursed stones in corbeled portion of vault; (b) stones of corbel vault overlap side of transverse arch; (c) irregular stones in true vault; (d) stones of true vault continue above extrados of transverse arch; (e) square stone filling putlog hole.

In the crypts at Oleggio and Agliate (see Figs. 4, 5), as in many other groin-vaulted Lombard structures, a change occurs where the corbel vault becomes a true vault. As the groin lines abruptly shift to a slightly more horizontal direction, the shape of the webs become noticeably more irregular. One reason comes to mind as to why masons made the top part of the web in each bay a different irregular shape. They could not reuse slats and cleats of standardized sizes and shapes to build a multifaceted vault with a continuously changing profile in a tight and irregular space.

The tas-de-charges, groin arrises, formerets, arcades, and dosserets all have analogous, square-edged vertical reveals. 15 In summary, masons exploited the aesthetic potential of the tas-decharge and pointed vault in the context of the round-headed brick arch. They also used these two devices in ways that made structural and constructive sense. Building a tas-de-charge solidified the base and reduced 33 34 Design and Construction in Romanesque Architecture 20. Corvey, abbey church, interior, westwork, ground floor, northern wall, pointed webs.

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