By Antonio Clericuzio
In Elements, rules and Particles, Antonio Clericuzio explores the relationships among chemistry and corpuscular philosophy within the age of the clinical Revolution. technological know-how historians have appeared chemistry and corpuscular philosophy as special traditions. Clericuzio's view is that because the starting of the seventeenth century atomism and chemistry have been strictly hooked up. this is often attested through Daniel Sennert and through many hitherto little-known French and English average philosophers. they typically mixed a corpuscular concept of topic with Paracelsian chemical (and clinical) doctrines. Boyle performs a principal half within the current e-book: Clericuzio redefines Boyle's chemical perspectives, by means of exhibiting that Boyle didn't subordinate chemistry to the rules of mechanical philosophy. whilst Boyle defined chemical phenomena, he had recourse to corpuscles endowed with chemical, now not mechanical, homes. the mix of chemistry and corpuscular philosophy was once followed through a few chemists energetic within the final many years of the seventeenth century, either in England and at the Continent.
utilizing lots of fundamental assets, the writer demanding situations the traditional view of the corpuscular conception of subject as exact with the mechanical philosophy. He issues out that various models of the corpuscular philosophy flourished within the seventeenth century. so much of them weren't in keeping with the mechanical conception, i.e. at the view that topic is inert and has in basic terms mechanical homes. in the course of the seventeenth century, lively rules, in addition to chemical houses, are attributed to corpuscles. Given its vast assurance, the booklet is an important contribution to either background of technology and background of philosophy.
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Additional info for Elements, Principles and Corpuscles: A Study of Atomism and Chemistry in the Seventeenth Century
De Clave's description of the remaining four principles follows a traditional pattern . " However , de Clave does not accept the mechanical explanation of qualities, like the one to be found in Galileo Galilei 's II Saggiatore (1623). " E. de Clave, Nouvelle /umiere philosophique des vrais principes et elemens de nature (Paris, 1641), p. 159. , p. 65. , p. 68. , pp. 46-7; 55. On fermentation in seventeenth-century chemistry and medicine, see W. Pagel, Jan Baptista van He/mont . Reformer of Science and Medicine (Cambridge, 1982), pp.
Thomas Erastus and his Circle of Anti-Parace1sians', in J. ), Analecta Paracelsica. Studien zum Nachleben Theophrast von Hohenheims im deutschen Kulturgebiet der Friihen Neuzeit (Stuttgart, 1994) pp. 127-48. 94 Freitag, Aurora Medicorum Galeno-Chymicorum: seu de recta purgandi methodo libri IV (Frankfurt, 1630). 95 Freitag, Disputatio Medica de Calidi innati essentiam juxta veteris Medicinae & Philosophiae decreta explicans, opposita neotericorum & novatorum paradoxis , Praeses, Freitag, resp.
For Basso, see below, chapter 2, pp. 39-42. 85 According to Sennert, metals "redeunt autem & revertuntur in pristinam naturam sublato iIlo corpore, seu sale, quod a solvendo adhaesit, quae operatio reductio appellatur" , because their particles remained unchanged in the solution. The recovery of the original ingredients is possible because the atoms of the same metal tend to unite each other: "Ita si Mercurius sublimatus calci vivae misceatur, & Retortae indatur, sal vitrioli & communis, qui sublimato inest, calci vivae adhaeret, atque ita argentum vivum in pristinam naturam redit & vivificatur; quomodo etiam cinnabaris in argentum vivum reducitur.