By Abhik Roychoudhury M.S. and Ph.D. in Computer Science from the State University of New York at Stony Brook
Modern embedded platforms require excessive functionality, low-budget and occasional energy intake. Such platforms commonly include a heterogeneous number of processors, really good reminiscence subsystems, and partly programmable or fixed-function parts. This heterogeneity, coupled with concerns equivalent to hardware/software partitioning, mapping, scheduling, etc., results in loads of layout chances, making functionality debugging and validation of such platforms a tricky problem.
Embedded structures are used to regulate protection serious purposes corresponding to flight regulate, car electronics and healthcare tracking. essentially, constructing trustworthy software/systems for such purposes is of extreme value. This ebook describes a bunch of debugging and verification tools that can aid to accomplish this goal.
- Covers the foremost abstraction degrees of embedded platforms layout, ranging from software program research and micro-architectural modeling, to modeling of source sharing and conversation on the method level;
- Integrates formal thoughts of validation for hardware/software with debugging and validation of embedded procedure layout flows;
- Includes sensible case experiences to reply to the questions: does a layout meet its standards, if no longer, then which components of the method are liable for the violation, and after they are pointed out, then how should still the layout be certainly changed?
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Additional info for Embedded systems and software validation
We ﬁrst mention how MSCs can be used to complement an FSM-like system model. We then describe how, with the help of MSCs, new intercomponent style system models can be developed. 3 Message Sequence Chart–Based Models FSMs highlight intraprocess control ﬂow while suppressing inter-process communication to send-receive actions. We will now discuss system models that highlight the inter-process communication while suppressing the intraprocess control ﬂow or computation. The basic building block of such system models is a message sequence chart (MSC).
Note that here the ATC is the system-under-construction, and the clients are the environment (they use the system). Thus, the use cases will be deﬁned from the clients’ viewpoint, because they are the users of the system (in this case the ATC), and we seek to model/implement the ATC in such a way that it faithfully captures the requirements. The common use cases might be (i) request connection from ATC, (ii) request weather update from ATC, (iii) attempt to disconnect from ATC, and so on. By simulating a model for prominent use cases, we are primarily testing out the common cases in which the system will be used.
Thus we view a system as a concurrent composition of processes where the control ﬂow in each process is encoded as an FSM. The overall control ﬂow of the system is obtained by any arbitrary interleaving of the control ﬂows of the constituent processes. Interleaving is implicitly integrated into the deﬁnition of FSM composition — a composite state (s, t) makes a transition if and only if either s or t makes a transition in their local FSMs. In a broad sense, having a notion of interleaving integrated in the process composition is a useful thing to do.