Encyclopedia of Community Policing and Problem Solving by Kenneth J. Peak

By Kenneth J. Peak

Group policing, as a philosophy, helps the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving concepts to proactively deal with the fast stipulations that supply upward push to public issues of safety, together with crime, social illness, and worry of crime―as against responding to crime after it happens. neighborhood policing expands the conventional police mandate. It broadens the focal point of combating crime to incorporate fixing neighborhood difficulties and forming partnerships with humans in the neighborhood so commonplace electorate can give a contribution to the policing method. Originating in the course of police reform efforts of the Nineteen Seventies, the philosophy of neighborhood policing is at the moment frequent and embraced by way of many voters, police directors, students, and native and federal politicians. What forms of collaborative partnerships have advanced among policing firms and the members and groups they serve? How do police departments have interaction in systematic exam of pointed out difficulties to strengthen potent responses? How have police departments aligned their organizational constructions to top aid neighborhood partnerships and proactive challenge fixing? simply how powerful have efforts at group policing been? those questions and extra are explored in the pages of this new reference work.

Features:

  • A selection of one hundred fifty to one hundred seventy five entries are equipped in A-to-Z type in a single quantity to be had in either digital and print formats.
  • Signed entries, authored by way of major figures within the box, every one finish with Cross-References and recommendations for additional Readings to lead scholars to in-depth resources.
  • Brief "What Works" case stories inside applicable entries profile group policing courses and methods as attempted in a variety of towns and communities.
  • Although equipped in A-to-Z type, a thematic "Reader's advisor" within the entrance subject teams comparable entries via huge subject components (e.g., Foundations; tools & Practices; laws & nationwide companies; altering supplier tradition; making plans & Implementation; education & Curriculum; review & review; etc.).
  • Also integrated within the entrance subject, a Chronology offers scholars with ancient standpoint of the improvement of group policing.
  • The whole paintings concludes with a assets appendix directory vintage books, journals, and institutions, by means of a complete Index.

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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Community Policing and Problem Solving

Sample text

They differ, however, from other community-based crime prevention efforts, including neighborhood watch organizations. , parks) and encourage the reporting of suspicious activities observed on or near their neighbors’ properties. This increased vigilance occurs in the course of residents’ 17 everyday regular activities and, typically, neighborhood watch members monitor neighborhood activities from their own properties. Citizen patrols offer more than increased vigilance, however, and involve routine and formal observations of community properties, streets, and other public places.

A community policing agency should have the organization structure and accountability systems that support partnership building. At the core of community, it was simply line-level officers having face-to-face contact with individuals, business owners, and other community organizations. It was important that the community had a direct line of communication with law enforcement that was open and candid. Several key strategies rolled out during this new era of geographic accountability in Arlington included, but were not limited to, creating fixed beat areas with permanently assigned patrol officers, stressing problem-solving methods to prevent crime and disorder, and involving all rank structures in the 24-hour beat accountability model.

Classifying common police problems: A routine activity approach. In M. J. Smith & D. B. Cornish, Theory for practice in situational crime prevention: Crime prevention studies, Volume 16. New York, NY: Criminal Justice Press. pdf Goldstein, H. (1990). Problem-oriented policing. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Scott, M. S. (2000). Problem-oriented policing: Reflections on the first 20 years. S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. S. history. From vigilante groups who sought justice for victims in the Wild West, to volunteer watchmen who guarded towns at night while sheriffs slept, to formal neighborhood watch organizations created in the last century, people other than police have always played a role in addressing community crime.

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