Energy Metabolism in Farm Animals: Effects of housing, by A. J. H. Van Es, H. A. Boekholt (auth.), M. W. A. Verstegen,

By A. J. H. Van Es, H. A. Boekholt (auth.), M. W. A. Verstegen, A. M. Henken (eds.)

Animal creation platforms have replaced dramatically during the last 20 years. wisdom of strength metabolism and environmental physio­ logy has elevated as seems to be from many textbooks on those disciplines. The contents of the symposia on power metabolism of cattle convey this and so they have in the beginning focussed on feed review and in a while com­ parative features of strength metabolism. They express a part of the growth being made. program of information of strength metabolism for animals has an extended background considering the fact that Lavoisier. as well as this, experiences concerning the environ­ psychological specifications of animals have proven that we're nonetheless faraway from ac­ curate evaluation of those necessities when it comes to meals and ener­ gy. I n version reports on power metabolism researchers have famous the interplay among the surroundings and the strength requisites of animals. Estimation of strength necessities has been performed in physiolo­ gical, actual and behavioural experiences. The effect of stipulations as en­ countered by means of animals in numerous construction structures has been approached from diverse viewpoints relating to those assorted disciplines. In addi­ tion, different types of infections (bacterial, parasitic: subclinical, clini­ cal) were evaluated just recently in regards to their influence on professional­ tein and/or strength metabolism and hence on creation. humans operating within the box of feed evaluate have outlined how che­ mical and actual houses of food infiuence strength to be derived for upkeep and production.

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Extra resources for Energy Metabolism in Farm Animals: Effects of housing, stress and disease

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Influence of environmental temperature on energy metabolism of growing pigs housed individually and in groups. Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen, 71-2: 115 pp. , 1971. An Hel, W. H. van, indirect calorimeter for the measurement of the heat pro- duction of large groups of animals kept together. Meded. Landbouw- hogeschool Wageningen 71-16: 13 pp. B. , 1973. plane of nutrition of protein and fat on in groups of growing pigs. Brit. J. Nutr. 30: 21-35. Wenk, C. H. Energieaufwandes KU ken. Schweiz.

000 I then this error is about 8%. This means that ventilation rate should be at least as high as chamber content when 1% as measuring error for CO 2 can be made. 59 * (8) N ° 2 , CO 2 and CH 4 represent volumes consumed or produced (Iitres) and N is urinary nitrogen (g). The use of urea or uric acid N output as a measure of protein degradation is slightly inaccurate because several other nitrogeneous compounds may be present in the urine. One g of urea-N represents about 269 kJ but in uric acid it represents 485 kJ.

Wenk, C. H. Energieaufwandes KU ken. Schweiz. fUr van, 1976. die Korperliche Eine Methode zur Bestimmung des Aktivitat von Landwirtsch. Monatshefte 54: 232-236. wachsenden CHAPTER II. M. L. BARNETT ABSTRACT In moving away from group-housing systems for pregnant sows during the last 25 and labour costs. been els, years, tether-housing was developed to reduce construction However, compared to group-housing, tethering has reported to lead to an increase in MR and blood corticosteroid levand to reduce the immune response and health status of sows~ fac- tors which may decrease productivity.

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