Extreme Medicine: How Exploration Transformed Medicine in by Kevin Fong M.D.

By Kevin Fong M.D.

Little a couple of hundred years in the past, maps of the realm nonetheless boasted white area: areas the place no human had ever trod. inside a couple of brief a long time the main adverse of the world's environments had all been conquered. Likewise, within the 20th century, drugs remodeled human existence. medical professionals took what used to be many times deadly and made it survivable. As modernity introduced us ever extra into other forms of extremes, medical professionals driven the limits of clinical advances and human patience. severe exploration challenged the physique in ways in which basically the forefront of technological know-how may perhaps resolution. medical professionals, scientists, and explorers all percentage a defining trait: they push on within the face of grim odds. due to their severe exploration we not just comprehend our body structure greater; we've got additionally made huge, immense strides within the technological know-how of healing.

Drawing on his personal adventure as an anesthesiologist, extensive care professional, and NASA adviser, Dr. Kevin Fong examines how state-of-the-art drugs pushes the envelope of human survival through learning the human body's reaction whilst confirmed by way of actual extremes. Extreme Medicine explores varied limits of patience and the lens each one deals on one of many platforms of the physique. The demanding situations of Arctic exploration created possibilities for breakthroughs in open middle surgical procedure; battlefield medical professionals pioneered concepts for pores and skin grafts, middle surgical procedure, and trauma care; underwater and outer house exploration have revolutionized our knowing of respiring, gravity, and masses extra. Avant-garde medication is essentially altering our rules in regards to the nature of existence and death.

via miraculous bills of outstanding occasions and pioneering medication, Fong illustrates the sheer audacity of clinical perform at severe limits, the place human existence is balanced on a knife's facet. Extreme Medicine is a gripping debut concerning the technological know-how of therapeutic, but in addition approximately exploration in its broadest sense—and approximately how, via probing the very limits of our biology, we could finally go back with a greater appreciation of the way bodies paintings, of what existence is, and what it ability to be human.

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Yet if the opening minutes of the injury can be survived, the damage to the skin leaves a formidable constellation of problems. The vapor barrier function is lost, and the body’s water evaporates uncontrollably from denuded body surfaces at a rate that is difficult to anticipate intuitively. The losses are both invisible and incredibly rapid. Without the cover of skin, your body dehydrates as surely as a wet sponge left out in the sun. And the burn itself triggers a severe inflammatory response in the body, compromising the integrity of the blood vessels, making them more porous and permeable, letting them spill fluid into surrounding tissues.

It is worth noting that after Scott and Amundsen’s parties first arrived at the South Pole in 1912, no human set foot there again until 1956. And when they did, they arrived not in sleds driven by ponies or dogs but in aircraft. — TORVIND, ANNA, AND I are walking along Mortimer Street; they have been lecturing about their experiences to an audience of doctors at the Royal Society of Medicine in London. They feel that this retelling of the story is important to change people’s practice and expectations in the face of such extreme hypothermia.

Extreme environments—Health aspects. 3. Adventure travel—Health aspects. 4. Space flight—Health aspects. I. Title. 02'52—dc23 2013028124 While the author has made every effort to provide accurate telephone numbers, Internet addresses, and other contact information at the time of publication, neither the publisher nor the author assumes any responsibility for errors, or for changes that occur after publication. Further, publisher does not have any control over and does not assume any responsibility for author or third-party Web sites or their content.

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