Fiber, Medicine, and Culture in the British Enlightenment by Hisao Ishizuka

By Hisao Ishizuka

This ebook presents a whole account of the idea that of fiber and fiber concept in eighteenth-century British drugs. It explores the pivotal function fiber performed as a defining, underlying inspiration in anatomy, body structure, pathology, therapeutics, psychology, and the existence sciences. With the slow loss of life of historical humoralism, the cast fibers seemed at the clinical scene either because the simple development unit of the physique and as a dynamic agent of existence. As such, fiber stands on the middle of eighteenth-century drugs, either iatromechanism and iatro-vitalism. concerning the cultural features of fiber, the Baroque, and the tradition of sensibility, this e-book additionally demanding situations the generally held assumption that the eighteenth century was once the age of the nerve and as an alternative bargains an alternate version of fiber.

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44 It is no wonder, then, that anatomist contemporaries of Hooke also appropriated the world of textiles for the complicated but marvelously contrived micro-structure of the living body. ”46 The visual representations sometimes even more effectively exhibit the anatomists’ perception of the textile body. Edmund King’s figure of the “Embroidery of Veins and Arteries” gives clearer evidence of how he perceived the texture of the testicles in terms of textile embroidery. 47 Another example can be seen in Willis’s scheme of the nervous system of the neck, which is like a transparent piece of textile.

Fournier, 133–34. Cole, 304. , 307. E. v. v. ” 22 H. ISHIZUKA 30. v. “parenchyma”; Edward Phillips, The New World of English Words, 6th ed. v. ” 31. Edmund King, “Some Considerations Concerning the Parenchymous Parts of the Body,” Philosophical Transactions 1 (1665–66): 316–17. 32. Idem, “Some Observations Concerning the Organs of Generation, Made by Dr. Edmund King,” Philosophical Transactions 3 (1668): 1044. 33. v. ,” Annals of Medical History 7 (1925): 242–63. 34. King, “Parenchymous,” 316. 35.

38, fig. 1; Willis, 15, Tab. 6–7. 51. See also Bibliotheca Anatomica, 652, Tab. VI, fig. 1, 3; p. 570, Tab. III, fig. 5–9 (Lower’s heart); 488, Tab. II, fig. 5; 227, Tab. VI; Drake, Tab. 38, fig. 3–6; Willis, 14, Tab. I, V; 15, Tab. II, V. 52. Nehemiah Grew, The Anatomy of Plants. With an Idea of a Philosophical History of Plants and Several Other Lectures Read before the Royal Society (London, 1682), 19. 53. , 20–21. 54. Nehemiah Grew, Cosmologia Sacra: or, a Discourse of the Universe as It Is the Creature and Kingdom of God (London, 1701), 18.

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