Fundamental building materials by K Ward-Harvey

By K Ward-Harvey

Written by means of an architect with decades' event in perform and instructing, this booklet is a well-illustrated advent to the nice diversity of fabrics utilized in a lot of the world's development and building. it's the basically publication of its variety out there, and compatible for an individual instructing or learning for construction trades, structure, development, panorama layout, structural engineering, and allied disciplines. while first released, a reviewer commented, "This ebook has crammed a wide hole in courses on hand to either scholars and the construction professions." The Fourth (2009) version is now to be had, incorporating many references to present commonplace codes, examine, brands, and different authoritative info on the web, to extend content material extra if wanted

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In association with power-driven saws, smaller sized sawn timbers and the resulting light timber stud frame (developed in USA in 1833), nails revolutionised the jointing technology of carpentry. The construction of domestic, wall, floor and roof frames by this new technique has since dominated the industrialised world. Further developments combining the versatility and mass production of steel connectors with the ease of site working in timber have led to gang nails, framing anchors, etc. which aim to retain timber’s competitive position in the domestic building market.

Fire is a major hazard for timber, but some hardwoods and laminated members in structural sizes above 70 mm thick are slow burning and selfinsulating by charcoal built up on the surface; they can be fire resistant after charring. Timbers produce noxious fumes when burning which can create serious hazards in fire. Ultra-violet radiation Timbers generally perform best in their local habitat. High ultra-violet radiation in some locations can cause brittleness and cracking. Cracked timbers are more vulnerable to fire risks than are solid timbers and allow moisture penetration.

Areas where timber and stone have been scarce or unsuitable have developed brick technology. The earliest examples were sun-dried bricks as still used in many countries today. Egyptian builders considered brick to be inferior to stone and used it only in unseen locations. Early Persian uses of brick are well known and some very ancient examples still exist as testimony to the durability of brickwork. The Chinese had well-fired bricks in use in the third century BC when the Great Wall was constructed.

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