By M G Ortega-Pierres, S Cacciò, R Fayer, T Mank, H Smith, R C A Thompson
Giardia and Cryptosporidium are either parasites of substantial worldwide curiosity end result of the gastrointestinal difficulties the organisms may cause in people in addition to household and wild animals. This publication offers a accomplished review of contemporary examine. Chapters talk about themes from taxonomy, nomenclature and evolution to molecular epidemiology, advances in diagnostics and zoonotic, human and animal health and wellbeing matters.
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Additional resources for Giardia and Cryptosporidium from Molecules to Disease
The reasoning seems straightforward enough, and having access to words like ‘assemblage’ and ‘clade’, there probably are other highly useful alternatives to the use of the word ‘genotype’. Ramifications In 1922, Hegner described Giardia canis very carefully according to the standards of the day. Also, he deposited type material: ‘The types and cotypes are deposited in the collections of the Department of Medical Zoology, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University’ (Hegner, 1922).
D. Bowman The several species which have been described, especially by Benson (1908), are based on slight differences in form and proportions, and Noe (1908) raises the question as to the validity of these distinctions…We are inclined to regard Noe’s scepticism as not well grounded. This matter [of separate species] is one of more than restricted interest for it impinges on the one hand on the general biological question as to how far specificity of parasites to particular hosts obtains, and on the other hand on the very practical question as to whether or not rodents, especially mice, rats, and Belgian hares, are sources of infection to man, for these flagellate parasites, in mice and men at least, are often associated with chronic intestinal disturbances.
CAB International 2009. Giardia and Cryptosporidium: From Molecules to Disease (eds G. ) 31 32 J. Šlapeta Fig. 1. Portrait of Ernest E. Tyzzer, who described Cryptosporidium muris from a mouse stomach in 1907. Courtesy of the National Library of Medicine, negative no. 85-204. Traditionally, taxonomy is based on morphology. However, for microbes such as Cryptosporidium species, morphological differences are minute or do not exist at all. This fact has been repeatedly emphasized, and additional characteristics, including site of infection and host specificity, proved to be useful for species identification.