By Dean Keith Simonton
Книга nice Psychologists and Their instances: clinical Insights into Psychology's... nice Psychologists and Their instances: medical Insights into Psychology's background Книги Психология, философия Автор: Dean Keith Simonton Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:American mental organization Страниц: 554 Размер: 1,2 ISBN: 155798896X Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Chapters are wealthy in examples drawn from the lives and careers of nota ble psychologists, studying such matters as start order, psychopatholo gy, and highbrow precocity. Of specific curiosity are chapters ex ploring what elements of the sociocultural context are so much conducive t o the emergence of illustrious psychologists and the way those sociocultur al conditions-including political occasions, fiscal disturbances, or cu ltural values-affect not just the significance of accomplishment but in addition th e very nature of that success. The findings reviewed result in sugge stions approximately how most sensible to teach and educate either undergraduate psycholo gy majors and graduate scholars in psychology. This booklet might be a use ful source for all psychologists, scientists, and historians who're keen to consider the provocative overlap among psychology, technological know-how , and heritage.
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Alternative methods exist as well. One option is to assess how much space is devoted to each candidate in standard histories of the discipline. Thus, one study examined the average percentage of space devoted to 570 deceased contributors according to 16 texts (Zusne 54 GREAT PSYCHOLOGISTS AND THEIR TIMES & Dailey, 1982; cf. Zusne, 1987a). The texts included those by the Americans E. G. Boring and R. I. Watson, the British R. S. Peters and Robert Thomson, the German Wilhelm Hehlmann, and the Russian M.
The more severe objection, however, is that the method is simply too cumbersome for use in multiple-case investigations, whether psychometric or historiometric. , Helmreich, Spence, Beane, Lucker, & Matthews, 1980; Rodgers & Maranto, 1989; Simonton, 1992b). Hence, it should come as no surprise that page counts are rather rare in the published literature in the metasciences. A second approach is far more commonplace: publication counts. The bottom of the scale would then still be anchored by either 0 or 1 publication.
Helmreich, Spence, Beane, Lucker, & Matthews, 1980; Rodgers & Maranto, 1989; Simonton, 1992b). Hence, it should come as no surprise that page counts are rather rare in the published literature in the metasciences. A second approach is far more commonplace: publication counts. The bottom of the scale would then still be anchored by either 0 or 1 publication. The top score may not necessarily be set by Wundt anymore, because much of his output was in very large works, such as the multivolume Folk Psychology (Völkerpsychologie, 1900–1920).