By Pietro C. Cacciabue
Human mistakes performs an important position in lots of injuries regarding safety-critical structures, and it's now a customary requirement in either the USA and Europe for Human components (HF) to be taken under consideration in process layout and safeguard review. This e-book can be an important consultant for an individual who makes use of HF of their daily paintings, offering them with constant and ready-to-use methods and techniques that may be utilized to real-life difficulties. the 1st a part of the e-book seems on the theoretical framework, equipment and strategies that the engineer or defense analyst must use while engaged on a HF-related venture. the second one half provides 4 case reviews that exhibit the reader how the above framework and directions paintings in perform. The case stories are in line with real-life initiatives performed by way of the writer for an immense ecu railway procedure, and in collaboration with foreign businesses corresponding to the foreign Civil Aviation company, Volvo, Daimler-Chrysler and FIAT.
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Extra info for Guide to Applying Human Factors Methods: Human Error and Accident Management in Safety-Critical Systems
Accident/incident investigation aims at identifying systemic and socio-technical root causes that generate accidents. Each of these four areas of application encompasses specific types of assessments and analyses. The fourth standpoint for designers and analysts of HMS and HEAM measures is correlated to this issue and can be defined as follows: Guide to Applying Human Factors Methods 46 The development of effective HMS and HEAM measures demands that a variety of tools and approaches are applied for the continuous verification that adequate safety conditions exist and are maintained before and during the lifetime of a system, at the stages of design, training, safety assessment, and accident investigation.
Only generie indieators can be defined according to types of system. The definition of what indicators and markers are important and constitute valuable measures of safety for a specific system can be defined only by the individual organisations responsible for the management of the system, or family of systems. Therefore, a set of methods and approaches must be applied for the adaptation of 30 Guide to Applying Human Factors Methods generic indicators and for the definition of appropriate safety levels for each specific plant.
Moreover, during the operationallife of a system, it becomes essential to leam the lesson that may be drawn from the occurrence of incidents, accidents, and near misses, as weH as to be prepared to evaluate the dynamic evolution of the safety levels of the system. This implies that appropriate HEAM approaches have to be considered that favour data reporting and collection. These data support the acci- 2. 1 Application and basic requirements for HEAM Area of application Type of assessment Design Design of control, emergency, and protection systems • Design of human-machine interfaces • Development of standard and emergency operating procedures Training • Classroom human factors training • Human factors training in simulators Safety assessment • Human contribution to design basis accident Human contribution to quantitative risk assessment • Evaluation of safety levels of an organisation by recurrent safety audits Accident investigation • Human contribution to accident etiology and identification of root causes dent investigation and recurrent safety audits, whieh consent to ascertain whether the conditions for safe and effective operations still exist, or some changes and improvements are needed in order to reestablish adequate levels of safety condition and operability.