Health Inequality and Development (Studies in Development by Mark McGillivray, Indranil Dutta, David Lawson

By Mark McGillivray, Indranil Dutta, David Lawson

This book investigates matters with regards to overall healthiness inequality with a selected curiosity on constructing countries. It offers rigorous empirical paintings on either developments and causal elements in the back of future health inequality, analyzes the consequences of healthiness deprivations on poverty traps and indicates useful regulations that are carried out.

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Additional resources for Health Inequality and Development (Studies in Development Economics and Policy)

Sample text

It makes the distinction between access to resources and the freedom and the capacity to use them to achieve a set of functions. A consistent production function for health is derived and then estimated, using empirical techniques. The findings suggest that any intervention that jointly tackles individual, family, communal or regional mediators of women’s socioeconomic status is likely to help improve their health. The results validate the proposition that individual resources contribute to improved health status and that individuals’ freedoms to convert these resources into health depend on their vulnerability factors.

Descriptive analysis such as that presented above is useful in identifying a problem. It shows that public spending on health care does not predominantly reach the poor in most low-income countries. Hypotheses can be offered to explain this and solutions can be proposed. But from a descriptive analysis it is not possible to identify the likely effectiveness of any policy reforms in shifting the distribution of health care towards the poor. For this, an evaluative approach is required. 3 Health inequality Two issues of importance to the study of health inequality in lowincome countries are considered in this section: (a) reporting heterogeneity in measures of health; and (b) decomposition of health inequality and of changes in inequality.

WHO (World Health Organization) (1996–2008) World Health Reports (Geneva: WHO). 1057/9780230304673 - Health Inequality and Development, Edited by Mark McGillivray, Indranil Dutta and David Lawson Measurement and Explanation of Inequality in Health and Health Care in Low-Income Settings Eddy van Doorslaer and Owen O’Donnell Equity in relation to health and health care are extremely important and the public attaches greater importance to the achievement of equity than to efficiency (MacLachlan and Maynard 1982).

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