Heidegger and Aristotle: Philosophy as Praxis by Michael Bowler

By Michael Bowler

A lot has been written approximately Heidegger's reappropriation of Aristotle, yet little has been stated concerning the philosophical import and theoretical context of this component of Heidegger's paintings. during this very important new e-book, Michael Bowler sheds new mild at the philosophical context of Heidegger's go back to Aristotle in his early works and thereby advances a reinterpretation of the historical past to Heidegger's forceful critique of the primacy of theoretical cause and his radical reconception of the very nature of philosophical thinking.

This e-book bargains an in depth research of the improvement of Heidegger's suggestion from his early enagagement with neo-Kantianism and Husserlian phenomenology. via this examining, a feedback of the theoretical notion of philosophy as primordial technological know-how, in particular when it comes to existence and lived-experience (Erlebnis), emerges. it truly is during this context that Bowler examines Heidegger's reappropriation of key points of Aristotle's suggestion. In Aristotle's notions of stream, existence and task right (praxis), Heidegger perceives a brand new method of the hindrance almost immediately dealing with philosophy, particularly how philosophy is located inside of existence and human lifestyles.

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One way to raise the problem is to ask whether natural reflection is the unique ability to reveal things incorrigibly. And, if so, how? In Husserl's time, the philosophical school of psychologism argued that natural reflection is not incorrigible in any significant sense. That is to say, psychologism claimed that natural reflection does not provide incorrigible knowledge of the Ego and the structures of experience. Rather, only the empirical science of psychology gives such knowledge. Natural reflection may or may not play some evidentiary role in this science, but it itself does not furnish knowledge.

In other words, what Kant thought prevented human consciousness from being able to acquire intuitions intellectually was that intuition for human consciousness was essentially tied to passive sensibility. This meant that in order for us to intuit anything required that 38 Heidegger and Aristotle sensibility be passively affected by the thing-in-itself. Fichte, on the other hand, believed that everything originated primordially in an act of consciousness and that, therefore, there was a fundamental sense in which intuition was 'self-activity only'.

3. Heidegger's criticism and appropriation of the philosophy of value Others have pointed out that Heidegger castigates Rickert for engaging in 'worldless, ahistorical theorizing' which leads to a 'transhistorical, timeless, and logical subject',44 or for reifying values by working with 'the theoretically denatured concept of a "given" or "fixed" value',45 or for identifying meaning with value to the exclusion of being. In each case, these point to the fact that Rickert neglected historicity and life.

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