History of Civilizations of Central Asia: The Crossroads of by B. A. Litvinsky, Zhang Guand-Da, R. Shabani Samghabadi

By B. A. Litvinsky, Zhang Guand-Da, R. Shabani Samghabadi

The background of the medical and Cultural improvement of Mankind, released in 1968, used to be an immense early reaction at the a part of UNESCO to the duty of permitting the peoples of the area to have a keener feel in their collective future by means of highlighting their person contributions to the historical past of humanity. This common heritage – itself now present process a primary revision – has been by means of a few neighborhood tasks, together with the final background of Africa and the deliberate volumes on Latin the USA, the Caribbean and on facets of Islamic tradition. The background of Civilizations of significant Asia is an essential component of this wider company.

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Pp. 78–9. Frye, 1975, pp. 239–41; Sellwood, 1983, pp. 299–306; Frye, 1984, pp. 271–85. Al-Tabari, 1879–89, Vol. 1, p. 815; Herzfeld, 1924, pp. 35–6. 35 N. N. Chegini and A. V. Nikitin chief priest of the Adur Anahid temple in Istakhr. Papak, his son or a descendant (as Sasan, although mentioned, does not appear in the family line of the Sasanians listed in Shapur’s great inscription of the Kacbe of Zoroaster at Naqshi Rustam, near Persepolis), succeeded him and the family gained more authority by defeating the local governors and deposing Gochihr.

Queen Boran. FIG. 36. Queen Azarmigdukht. PLATE VI. (Courtesy of M. I. ) 50 Sasanian Iran – economy, society, arts and crafts FIG. 37. Hormizd VI. FIG. 38. Khusrau IV. FIGS. 39, 40, 41. Yazdgird III. PLATE VII. (Courtesy of M. I. ) 51 N. N. Chegini and A. V. Nikitin the names of mint cities in abbreviated forms. These forms stand for the full Sasanian names of those cities authorized to possess mints. About 200 of these mint signs are known to us,57 such as: ’W for Hormizd Ardashir (present-day Ahvaz) ’PR for Abarshahr (Nishapur) ’RT for Ardashir-Khvarreh (Firuzabad) ’HM for Hamadan ’YL’N for Eran-Khvarreh-Shapur (Susa) BYS for Bishapur in Fars.

PLATE VII. (Courtesy of M. I. ) 51 N. N. Chegini and A. V. Nikitin the names of mint cities in abbreviated forms. These forms stand for the full Sasanian names of those cities authorized to possess mints. About 200 of these mint signs are known to us,57 such as: ’W for Hormizd Ardashir (present-day Ahvaz) ’PR for Abarshahr (Nishapur) ’RT for Ardashir-Khvarreh (Firuzabad) ’HM for Hamadan ’YL’N for Eran-Khvarreh-Shapur (Susa) BYS for Bishapur in Fars. The army, warfare and armaments Khusrau I’s second most important reform was the reorganization of the army which, together with the implementation of the new taxation system, gave him a secure foundation from which to safeguard the empire.

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