Ideology and International relations by Alan Cassels

By Alan Cassels

Starting with the French Revolution's injection of ideology into interstate politics, Cassels addresses preoccupations with the cave in of communism and the resurgence of non secular fundamentalism in global politics. Examines the roots of the dichotomy within the C20th among conventional egotistical Realpolitik and the statement that overseas coverage may still leisure on a selected philosophy and set of values. strikes from Machiavellian culture to social Darwinism, communism and imperialism, Hitler's goals and the character of ideology throughout the chilly warfare. Makes obtainable a tough and intriguing topic.

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1 In the realms of intellectual and economic history, continuities pre- and post-1789 are readily traceable. But in matters of war and peace there is no doubt that the French revolutionary era ushered in novelty. Moreover, of the two famous solvents of the ancien régime, the French and industrial revolutions, it was the former that had the more immediate impact. Industrialization and urbanization, probably more than anything else, would in the long run bring the masses a role in political decision-making (see Chapter 5).

22 The crusade for universal liberty was launched by the Girondins but inherited by an extremist group that took over the Jacobin club and emerged victorious from the factional infighting in Paris. Many of these Jacobins, not just Robespierre, were lukewarm towards universal revolutionary war. 23 A token of the Jacobins’ attitude was provided by the case of Thaddeus Kosciusko, whose Polish resistance movement against the Russian predators ostentatiously adopted many of the trappings of revolutionary France.

One cultural historian indeed intimates that national selfconsciousness may belong in the realm of the mythic. 43 The surmise has already been made in the Introduction that, as an example of ideological thinking, nationalism falls properly into the category of belief system or mentalité that roots itself deeply and impenetrably in the mass mind. Or it is an unsophisticated ideology in the sense propounded by Plamenatz. Nothing of which detracts from nationalism’s potency. On the contrary, it has shown itself repeatedly capable of expressing a community’s most ardent longings and inspiring the most fervid political action.

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