[Journal] Harvard Ukrainian Studies. Vol. VI. No 4

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33. Σκόττας. 225 According to Priscus, this person was a prominent noble of Hunnic origin and brother of Όνηγήσιος. In our source he is depicted as a hotspur and a blusterer. One of the typical features of the Hunno-Bulgarian linguistic group is a cluster in the word initial position. , blidä < *bildä (see no. 12), krekän < *kerkän. (see no. 31). In the same way ska- in σκοτταsköttä- developed from the original *sökit-tä. The etymon sök- means "to tear apart, pull down, break through (an obstacle)"; sök-it- is formally the causative, attested as hapax in Old Turkic; 226 sök-it- > *sokat-; the vocalic metathesis in the stem resulted in sköt-.

2344. 179 On the déverbal suffix /n/, see Räsänen, Morphologie, p. 138. 180 Brockelmann, OTG, p. 129 (igri-n), p. 124 (igri-m), from egir- 'to surround, encircle, twist, spin' (Clauson, EDT, p. 113). On /n/ and /m/ suffixes in Mongolian, see Szabó, Szóképzés, p. 45 (§§109, 110). HUNNIC LANGUAGE OF THE ATTILA CLAN 455 From these data I conclude that in both Turkic and Hunnic, there was a verb with the meaning "to castrate, geld" from the nominal base *ad. In Turkic the denominal verbal suffix /dA/ and the déverbal nominal suffix /n/ were used to convey the meaning "castrated; gelded" (*ad+ da-n > atari).

Phonemic Changes 1. Vocalism Vocalic metathesis *bilà& > W/dä; *5ÖÄ:ittä > *sök3ttä > sköitä *kerkän > krekän; Mittelsilbenschwund *kürä+sig > kürúg; *sökita& > sköttä; *her+än+äk > hernak; Vocalic reduction in the word-initial position */fírgün > éérkün; Vocalic changes : transitions into stressed and non-stressed position -i- > -é-: */äVgün > cérkün; -і- > -ә-: *elmín+ > émna[n]+; Assimilation e > a: es+tMl'a > attíla. 2. Consonantism Reduction of sonors being the first element of a cluster nc > c: *етпеисііг > emnećiir; re > с: deqirâg > denićig; rg > к: *edärgün > edaA:ün; rss > s: *baraig > basiğ.

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