Knowledge and Faith in Thomas Aquinas by John I. Jenkins

By John I. Jenkins

This ebook bargains a revisionary account of key epistemological options and doctrines of St. Thomas Aquinas, quite his inspiration of scientia (science). It proposes a brand new interpretation of the aim and composition of Aquinas' such a lot mature and influential paintings, the Summa theologiae, which has often been considered as a piece for neophytes in theology. John Jenkins' accomplished and unique learn may be of curiosity to readers in philosophy, theology and medieval stories.

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In the Summa we commonly find the central features of the PA notion asserted, often with an explicit citation of the Posterior Anarytics. 8cientia, Aquinas tells us in the Summa, is about necessary truths. 2 Perfect scientia is had through demonstration, and not through probable reasoning. 3 Aquin~s tells us that propter quid demonstr~­ tions reason from the cause, which is prior and better known m itself, to the effect, while. demonstrations quia move from the effect, which is posterior and initially better known to us but not in itself, to the cause.

After these introductory arguments, Aristotle in chapter two turns to the pivotal analysis of scientia, which is further developed and refined in the subsequent chapters of Book l. onyslU~ sa~s ~n chapter four of On Celestial Hierarchy . ~ore~ver, ,eve:r:hmg which IS III something is in it in the manner of that thmg m whIch It 15. Angels are by nature intellectual. And therefore, as God through His essence apprehends material things, so angels apprehend them through the fact that they exist 47 in them through their intelligible species.

First, it fails to recognize that the PA does have something to say about the first stage of inquiry, which is concerned with the discovery of new knowledge. Secondly, it views the PA as concerned simply with the most effective heuristic method for a teacher who knows the science to communicate its contents to neophytes. 8 49 CONCLUSION Much of the work of post-Cartesian, modern philosophers in epistemology was driven by worries about skeptical objections that we do not know much, or most, or even all of what we think we know.

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