Labor Unions, Partisan Coalitions, and Market Reforms in by Maria Victoria Murillo

By Maria Victoria Murillo

As a result of fiscal crises, exertions events monetary regulations that harm exertions unions through the Nineties, corresponding to alternate liberalization and privatization. This booklet explains why exertions unions resisted on a few events and submitted on others and what the results in their activities have been via learning 3 nations: Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela. The comparability among the stories of the 3 nations and 5 various sectors in every one state exhibits the significance of politics in explaining hard work reactions and their results on monetary guidelines.

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The matchmaking was certainly accelerated by the need of populist politicians to build a power base and their willingness to give concessions to attract labor partners into their 1 Labor power resources (Korpi 1978) or relative leverage with regards to politicians (Collier and Collier 1979) explains variation in institutional benefits across Latin American countries and across regions. Informal institutions, though, are more fluid than formal ones in the long run (Levitsky 1999). 31 Labor Unions, Partisan Coalitions, and Market Reforms in Latin America political parties.

In Mexico, the violence of the revolution accelerated the process. The Constitutionalist army required the military aid of the Red Battalions (organized by the House of the International Worker) before Alvaro Obregón sought the political support of the Mexican Regional Labor Confederation (CROM) in 1919. In the 1930s, Lázaro Cárdenas also resorted to labor for consolidating his national power by reediting the alliance with the CTM. In Argentina, labor leaders had long refused to make alliances with political parties until Juan Perón came to deliver “facts rather than words” to gain their support in his race for the presidency in the 1940s.

Thanks to this successful formula, the Venezuelan economy grew steadily until 1978 while its democracy survived the waves of authoritarianism that swept over Latin America in the 1960s and 1970s (Karl 1986: 215, Rodriguez 1991: 241). Union constituencies benefited from social policies while labor organization advanced with the state-driven industrialization.

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