Local Development and Competitiveness by Sergio Conti, Paolo Giaccaria (auth.)

By Sergio Conti, Paolo Giaccaria (auth.)

In fresh years, the modern social sciences have back grew to become their recognition to house and locations. The speculation is that those aren't unintentional episodes yet a full-blown revolution within the approach of viewing financial methods and their hyperlinks with social and cultural constructions. In different phrases, this new sensitivity to locations deals the potential for rethinking matters common of economics in a distinct standpoint that may be outlined as neighborhood improvement, one of many phrases so much (ab)used within the modern medical and political debate.
during this e-book the authors will therefore try and aid extra strongly, even supposing in a unavoidably simplified demeanour, the opportunity of developing a conception of neighborhood improvement. the major concept is that there's no unmarried improvement version working at a given time and legitimate for all locations, yet that it's extra right to speak of a number of improvement paths that co-exist within the similar position while (multiplicity of improvement paths). The critical aspect isn't to spot the succession of special hegemonic types (Fordism as opposed to post-Fordism, mass creation as opposed to lean construction and so on), yet to teach how the complexity of the modern economic climate calls for new thoughts to give an explanation for its obvious contradictions. within the authors' view, the belief of a conception of neighborhood improvement implies radical rethinking in institutionalist phrases of ways of viewing the economic system and construction, recognising that in the back of monetary improvement lies a wealth of institutional resources that make the come upon among neighborhood and international extra open and sundry than ever sooner than (institutional biodiversity).

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E. multiple, new organisational forms - and an essential support for the very functioning of the system. The two main theoretical families - that of the neo-technological economists and the theorists of flexible specialisation - nonetheless appear to converge in maintaining that flexibility transforms the socio-economic system in different and specific ways: the employment structure is radically changed. In contrast to the relatively rigid organisation of employment relations in companies of the second industrial revolution, the new organisational forms offer uncertainty and mobility (thus 18 Chapter 1 reducing employment stability) and new forms of employment relations assert themselves: temporary work, flexible hours, segmentation of tasks; the traditional relations between the company system and the regulation system change.

In contrast to the latter, specific resources are explicitly localised. It is unthinkable, in fact, to imagine that, being produced by a given context through the historical evolution of relations between actors, they could be reproduced in a different geographical area to their original one. As the depository of specific local resources, a given context differs from others and defines an environment of, again specific, technological evolution. The international literature defines this set of territorially nonreproducible conditions with the term milieu, meaning a system of actors and structures that can be fully grasped only within the complex play of reciprocal interaction.

Whatever the starting point of the explanation proposed, the intimate relation between technology and society appeared inexorably as a distinctive feature of a new way of representing the evolution and transformation of the world. On this common basis, which represents the unity of research on the theme of technological change, it is now easier to recompose the distinctive traits of the technological revolution currently in progress, which, as underlined by Manuel Castells, modifies the "material bases of all social organisation" in the long run (Castells, 1989, p.

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