By Erez Metula
Imagine with the ability to swap the languages for the applications that a working laptop or computer is operating and taking regulate over it. that's precisely what controlled code rootkits can do after they are positioned inside a working laptop or computer. This new form of rootkit is hiding in a spot that had formerly been secure from this sort of attack-the program point. Code reports don't at the moment search for again doorways within the digital laptop (VM) the place this new rootkit will be injected. An invasion of this value permits an attacker to thieve info at the contaminated desktop, supply fake info, and disable safety checks. Erez Metula indicates the reader how those rootkits are constructed and inserted and the way this assault can switch the controlled code that a computer is working, no matter if that be JAVA, .NET, Android Dalvik or the other controlled code. administration improvement eventualities, instruments like ReFrameworker, and countermeasures are coated, making this booklet a one cease store for this new assault vector.
* Introduces the reader in short to controlled code environments and rootkits in general
* thoroughly information a brand new kind of rootkit hiding within the program point and demonstrates how a hacker can switch language runtime implementation
* makes a speciality of controlled code together with Java, .NET, Android Dalvik and experiences malware improvement scanarios
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Extra info for Managed Code Rootkits: Hooking into Runtime Environments
As opposed to static compilers, which convert everything to machine code before execution, the JIT compiler performs the conversion continuously during program execution, while often caching compiled blocks of native code, thereby reducing pieces of IL code that are translated again and again to the same native code. The JIT compiler’s second-level compilation also provides a means of utilizing the bytecode’s portability. It fits the actual set of instructions to the specific machine on which it is executed, using machine-agnostic bytecode.
IL Bytecode When source code is compiled, it is eventually converted to IL bytecode rather than to machine instruction assembly code, as an additional step in the code compilation and execution process. NET and others to IL bytecode. IL bytecode acts much like the assembly code the VM machine-level language understands internally. These instructions are designed specifically to be processed by software (rather than “real” instructions processed by hardware) by an interpreter often making use of a JIT compiler to convert the bytecode to its equivalent machine instructions.
What Can Attackers Do with Managed Code Rootkits? • Destroy sensitive data stored on the database, while “riding on” the established connection from the application to the database. • Steal sensitive files from the machine. • Delete important files, causing loss of information and system/application instability. • Log sensitive information generated by applications, such as credit card numbers, passwords, encryption keys, and so forth. • Filter out information written to audit logs by applications.