By Stephen M. Streeter
Comparing the Guatemalan case to U.S.-sponsored counterrevolutions in Iran, the Dominican Republic, Brazil, and Chile finds that Washington's efforts to roll again “communism” in Latin the USA and in different places through the chilly battle represented actually a non permanent technique to guard middle American pursuits from the emerging tide of 3rd international nationalism.
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Extra info for Managing the Counterrevolution: The United States & Guatemala, 1954-1961
S. corporations—the United Fruit Company (UFCO), International Railways of Central America (IRCA), and Empresa Eléctrica (American and Foreign Power)— accounted for nearly all foreign investment in Guatemala, about $ million. Guatemala also supplied the United States with important strategic raw materials such as lead and zinc. During the Second World War, the United States stationed thousands of troops in Guatemala to protect the Panama Canal. S. S. interests: propaganda; economic, technical, and military assistance; military and police training; and student and labor exchanges.
Ydígoras was pro-Nazi until , when he switched his allegiance to the United States. S. embassy and oﬀered to mediate the overthrow of Ponce. S. ” After Ponce ﬂed, the revolutionary junta appointed Ydígoras ambassador to England. In he returned to Guatemala to run in the presidential election as the candidate of two rightist political parties, Redención and Partido Uniﬁcación Anticomunista. 58 Unfortunately for Ydígoras, the State Department rejected Ydígoras because he was an “authoritarian” and a “rightwing reactionary” who looked too much like a Spanish nobleman to lead a country of mestizos.
Ambassador John E. Peurifoy applied the duck test to Arbenz. S. Congress employed similar McCarthyist logic to vilify Arbenz and his followers. Senator Bourke B. S. S. government simply did not understand Guatemala. Evidence did exist to dispel the many myths surrounding Arbenz and his administration. S. journalist Keith Monroe, for example, arrived in Guatemala in expecting to ﬁnd Russians lining the streets. 48 Sensationalist accusations that the Arbenz administration regularly tortured dissidents also lacked evidence.