Mandates and democracy by Susan C. Stokes

By Susan C. Stokes

Does it subject while politicians forget about the guarantees they made and the personal tastes in their parts? If politicians are looking to be reelected or see their get together reelected on the finish in their time period, why might they impose unpopular regulations? Susan Stokes explores those questions through constructing a version of coverage switches after which checking out it with statistical and qualitative facts from Latin American elections over the last 20 years. She concludes that politicians may well switch regulations simply because unpopular guidelines are top for materials and for this reason will also most sensible serve their very own political targets.

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A more likely explanation is that the deep ambivalence about the Sandinistas induced indecision until very late. See Greenberg, cited in Barnes (1992). 37 Mandates and Democracy Chamorro’s modification of the neoliberal program six months into her administration is notable because it was a shift away from efficiencyoriented reforms in favor of security policies. Little mystery surrounds Chamorro’s policy changes in late 1990. Powerful forces opposed UNO’s initial hard-money policies. These forces drew strength from several conditions in this postrevolutionary state: continued strength of the party of the revolution, which remained the single largest party in the legislature; close ties between this party and the major labor confederation, which could carry out paralyzing strikes; and FSLN control over the armed forces.

And political discourse tends to frame complex proposals in terms of simple choices, often between statist and pro-market orientations. 2. Variable Probit Model of Security-Oriented Candidate, 38 Observations Coefficient Constant Std. Error z-Stat. 11 Restricted (slopes = 0) log-l. 42 Frequencies of actual and predicted outcomes Predicted outcome has maximum probability. Actual 0 1 total a b c d Predicted 0 1 12 4 3 19 15 23 total 16 22 38 Average annual percentage change in GDP in the two years before the year of the election.

But because of data limitations, I have not undertaken anything like the systematic assessment of the relative positions of voters and politicians of the American studies. Statements here concerning these positions draw from some polls, from a more qualitative assessment of campaign pronouncements and government policies, and from the opinions of country experts. 31 Mandates and Democracy Credibility as an inducement to the revelation of true intentions is apparent in two cases considered here.

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