Medicine and philosophy in classical antiquity: doctors and by Philip J. van der Eijk

By Philip J. van der Eijk

This paintings brings jointly Philip van der Eijk's formerly released essays at the shut connections that existed among drugs and philosophy all through antiquity. clinical authors akin to the Hippocratic writers, Diocles, Galen, Soranus and Caelius Aurelianus elaborated on philosophical equipment similar to causal clarification, definition and department and utilized key recommendations reminiscent of the suggestion of nature to their figuring out of the human physique. equally, philosophers similar to Plato and Aristotle have been hugely valued for his or her contributions to drugs. This interplay was once relatively amazing within the learn of the human soul in its relation to the physique, as illustrated through methods to express subject matters similar to mind, sleep and desires, and vitamin and medication. With a close creation surveying the topic as an entire and an essay on Aristotle's remedy of sleep, this wide-ranging and obtainable assortment is key analyzing for the coed of old philosophy and technological know-how.

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G. 1 or Nicomachean Ethics (Eth. 3; for other examples see Sch¨utrumpf (1989) and Lengen (2002). g. 17–18. On the problems inherent in this notion see Sch¨utrumpf (1989) 178–80 with notes 12, 13, 17, 23 and 26. 49 It is by no means inconceivable that some of the medical works preserved in the Hippocratic Corpus were actually delivered orally for a predominantly non-specialist audience, some possibly in the setting of a rhetorical contest; and it is quite possible that, for example, On the Sacred Disease was among this group too.

Here, again, discourse studies and ethnography of literature have provided useful instruments of research, for example D. g. g. g. 35 Though not all of these components are equally relevant in each particular case, models like this do provide a heuristic framework which may be helpful to the understanding of the actual linguistic form of any text, including scientific texts. 36 Thus a number of syntactic peculiarities of texts like some of the ‘case histories’ of patients in the Hippocratic Epidemics might better be accounted for on the assumption that they represent private notes made by doctors for their own use; but further refinement of such an explanation comes within reach when stylistic variations within the Epidemics are related to a development in scientific writing towards greater audienceorientedness.

When, how and for what purposes prose came to be used for the transmission of knowledge in the late sixth century b c e and why some writers (such as Parmenides and Empedocles, or in later times Aratus and Nicander) preferred to write in verse when prose was available as an alternative, is not in all cases easy to say. Yet the Hippocratic Corpus provides opportunities to gain some idea of the process of text-production and genreformation, and one can argue that medicine has played a decisive role in the formation of scientific literature.

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