Military Inc.: Inside Pakistan’s Military Economy by Ayesha Siddiqa

By Ayesha Siddiqa

"This daring ebook explains why will probably be so tough to cajole the Pakistani army to give up political energy and go back to the barracks. it's a needs to learn for somebody who cares approximately Pakistan or its future." Lee H. Hamilton, President and Director, Woodrow Wilson overseas middle for students "Siddiqa demonstrates [how] fiscal impunity and political impunity are heavily related." Nicole Ball, Senior Fellow, middle for foreign coverage, Washington DC "No one else has so comprehensively [explained] the army's involvement in Pakistan's economic system, nor associated it so essentially with the army's transforming into and doubtless everlasting function in Pakistan's politics." Stephen P. Cohen, Senior Fellow, overseas coverage stories, Brookings "Complex, riveting, soaking up, Siddiqa has written a extremely important e-book which reinforces our figuring out of the military at the entrance line within the conflict on terror." Ahmed Rashid, a long way jap fiscal evaluate "An incisive examine the mostly hidden monetary empire run by means of and for the good thing about Pakistan's army. This brave ebook won't please Pakistan's generals. yet no Pakistani, civilian or army, can have enough money to disregard its sobering analysis." Robert M. Hathaway, Director, Asia application, Woodrow Wilson overseas middle for students Pakistan is a strategic best friend of the united states within the "war on terror". it's the 3rd biggest receiver people relief on the earth. but Pakistan is a kingdom run via its military. Siddiqa indicates how the facility of the army has reworked Pakistani society, the place the militia became an self reliant category. the army is entrenched within the company area. So Pakistan's businesses and its major resources are within the arms of a tiny minority of senior military officers. Siddiqa examines this army economic system and the results of merging the army and company sectors. Does democracy have a destiny? Will the generals ever withdraw to the barracks? Milit

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Extra info for Military Inc.: Inside Pakistan’s Military Economy

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It is either controlled by the military or under its implicit or explicit patronage. There are three essential elements in the new definition: the purpose of the economic activities, the subject of Milbus, and accountability mechanism. Milbus refers to all activities that transfer resources and opportunities from the public and private sectors to an individual or a group within the military, without following the norms of public accountability and for the purposes of personal gratification. The unaccounted transfer of resources can take many forms: • state land transferred to military personnel • resources spent on providing perks and privileges for retired armed forces personnel, such as provision of support staff, membership of exclusive clubs, subsidies on utility bills and travel, and subsidized import of vehicles for personal use by senior officials • diverting business opportunities to armed forces personnel or the military organization by flouting the norms of the free-market economy • money lost on training personnel who seek early retirement in order to join the private sector (in the United States, for example, the government incurs the additional cost of then rehiring the same people from the private sector at higher rates).

The unaccounted transfer of resources can take many forms: • state land transferred to military personnel • resources spent on providing perks and privileges for retired armed forces personnel, such as provision of support staff, membership of exclusive clubs, subsidies on utility bills and travel, and subsidized import of vehicles for personal use by senior officials • diverting business opportunities to armed forces personnel or the military organization by flouting the norms of the free-market economy • money lost on training personnel who seek early retirement in order to join the private sector (in the United States, for example, the government incurs the additional cost of then rehiring the same people from the private sector at higher rates).

What differentiates the two types is not just the volume of financial dividends earned but the extent of penetration of the military in its own society and economy. In the first category, the economic predatoriness is conducted overseas; in the second, it takes place in the country to which the military belongs. The kind of activities a military organization chooses to undertake depends on the nature of civil–military relations and the state of the economy, issues which are explained in greater depth in Chapter 1.

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