By Stanley Finger
Attractively illustrated with over 100 halftones and drawings, this quantity provides a chain of vivid profiles that hint the evolution of our wisdom in regards to the brain.
starting nearly 5000 years in the past, with the traditional Egyptian research of "the marrow of the skull," Stanley Finger takes us on a desirable trip from the classical international of Hippocrates, to the time of Descartes and the period of Broca and Ramon y Cajal, to fashionable researchers equivalent to Sperry. here's a really extraordinary forged of characters. We meet Galen, a guy of mammoth ego and abrasive disposition, whose teachings ruled drugs for 1000 years; Vesalius, a modern of Copernicus, who driven our realizing of human anatomy to new heights; Otto Loewi, pioneer in neurotransmitters, who gave the Nazis his Nobel prize cash and fled Austria for England; and Rita Levi-Montalcini, discoverer of nerve development issue, who in war-torn Italy used to be compelled to do her examine in her bed room. for every person, Finger examines the philosophy, the instruments, the books, and the information that introduced new insights. Finger additionally appears at broader topics--how based are researchers at the paintings of others? What makes the time ripe for discovery? And what function does probability or serendipity play? And he comprises many desirable history figures in addition, from Leonardo da Vinci and Emanuel Swedenborg to Karl August Weinhold--who claimed to have reanimated a lifeless cat by way of filling its cranium with silver and zinc--and Mary Shelley, whose Frankenstein used to be encouraged by means of such experiments.
broad ranging in scope, imbued with an infectious spirit of event, listed below are shiny images of giants within the box of neuroscience--remarkable people who stumbled on new how one can take into consideration the equipment of the brain.
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Extra resources for Minds behind the Brain: A History of the Pioneers and Their Discoveries
At no time in the past was such a shift in orientation so clear, so apparent. This will become most evident when we turn to the subject of epilepsy, a disorder long thought to be caused by the forces of darkness. HIPPOCRATES But Who Was Hippocrates? Hippocrates is one of the most mysterious characters in all of medicine. In this regard, he is a lot like Homer, the Greek epic poet whose name is a household word but about whom we really know very little. C. 9 He opened his everobservant eyes to the world not long after the Athenians and their allies repelled the occupying Persian forces from the coast of Asia Minor in the Battle of Marathon, an event that helped to launch Greece into her Golden Age.
10 In contrast, the Egyptians treated the brain with almost complete indifference. During the time of Imhotep and throughout the Old Kingdom, the brain was simply left in place when the body was prepared for burial. During the New Kingdom, however, Herodotus reported that a common procedure among the wealthy and noble classes was to have most of the brain scooped out with an iron hook inserted through the nostrils or the hole (foramen magnum) at the base of the skull. It was then simply discarded.
Specifically, the iatroi tended to leave large skull fractures (open-head injuries) alone, but frequently recommended drilling holes in the skull for serious injuries that did not break the cranium (closedhead injuries). From all indications, the cutting and drilling were performed by an assistant. Upstanding Greek citizens typically relied on slaves and foreigners for manual labor, and those who took the Hippocratic oath swore to keep their own hands bloodless. But why should surgery be done for closed-head injuries?